Skeletal: Under voluntary control responsible for movement of bones of the skeleton has a striped appearance under the microscope
Smooth: Under involuntary control and is found throughout the body, lining the intestines, bladder, blood vessels, uterus ect. Spindle shaped cells, smooth appearance under microscope.
Cardiac: Found only in the heart and is under involuntary control. Cells are short, cylindrical and muscle fibres are branched.
Nervous: Made up of neurones - recieves and interprets them and generates activity.
- Separates, covers and lines tissues
- sensory input
- secretion - produced and remains in the body
- excretion - produced and leaves the body
- Apical (top) and basal (bottom)
- Connects to neighbouring cells by junctional complexes
- Avascular (no blood vessels) nutrients provided by underlying tissues
- Innervated (supplied by nerves)
- Basement membrane - nutrients and oxygen diffuse through
Squamous: Single cell thick where diffusion occurs
Simple Columnar: Tall, elongated, found on intestine lining for absorption of food
Simple Cuboidable: Cube shape lines ducts and glands and kidney tubules
Ciliated: Have hair like appendices, move in a wafting motion found in the respiratory tract and oviduct.
Stratified: Series of layers, tough and resistant to frictional forces found in oral cavity, oesophagus and rectum
Transition: Found in areas that need stretching bladder and urethra.
Connective: Responsible for supporting and binding organs and tissues. For transport and nutrients and removing waste.
Glands and their location
Simple tubular: Stomach and intestine
Simple coiled tubular: Sweat glands
Simple branched tubular: Stomach, mouth, tongue, oesophagus
Simple alveolar: Sebaceous glands
Branches alveolar: Sebaceous glands
Compound tubular: Bulbourethal glands, mammary glands, kidney tubules, testes, mucous glands of mouth.
Compound alveolar: Mammary glands
Compound tubuloalveolar: salivary glands, pancreas, respiratory passages