Problem of Evil- Key words

Evil- Religious
That which is against Gods will, a cause of suffering- ( This is only relevant to religious individuals)
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Evil
Profoundly immoral and malevolent.
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Moral evil
Intentional human action or inaction that results in suffering- murder- failure to have a child vaccinated.
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Natural evil
Causes of suffering within the natural world- disaster, decay and death.
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The problem of Evil
The challenge that the problem of evil poses on faith- two forms- Logical problem of evil based on the inconsistent triad- Evidential- based on the mindless suffering.
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The logical problem of Evil
J.L. Mackie and Hume- Inconsistent triad- God is.. All loving- All powerful- All Knowing- And there is suffering- This is logically inconsistent and therefore can not be true.
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Inconsistent Triad
God is- All loving- All knowing- All Powerful- There is still suffering and therefore is is inconsistent.
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Evidential Problem of Evil
William Rowe-Remains regardless of the logical problem of evil- The amount of suffering in the world makes it improbable/unreasonable to think God exists.- Suffering counts against God existence.
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Theodicies
Defence in the justice of God in the light of evil.- They mostly argue that God is fair to allow evil and suffering because they are in the same way necessary.
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Augustinian Tradition
Following ideas of Augustine- Identify free will and Gods decision to give up control of the universe and allow evil from within.
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Manichaeism
A major Gnostic religion found in Persia,-3ed and 7th centuries.
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Gnosticism
A religious movement which teaches that something pre existed creation apart from God and is Co-eternal with God.
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Predestines
Something being determined in advance, God has foreordained every event throughout eternity.
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Privation
When something is lacking or missing- darkness is a privation of light.
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Principle of Plenitude
This asserts that everything that can happen will happen.
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Free-will defence
The view that human free will, and the context in which it can be meaningfully used, to explain and justify the existence of evil in a world created by God.
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Determinist
People who accept the philosophical doctrine that everything, and every human event has already been predetermined by God.
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Irenaean Theodicy
Humanity develops through experiencing evil, so evil has a good purpose.- Hick sees this as the 'vale of soul making'.
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Epistemic Distance
A distance in dimension of knowledge.
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Counterfactual Hypothesis
A method of enquiry that examines what would happen if a situation had been brought about in different way to that in which it was.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Profoundly immoral and malevolent.

Back

Evil

Card 3

Front

Intentional human action or inaction that results in suffering- murder- failure to have a child vaccinated.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Causes of suffering within the natural world- disaster, decay and death.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The challenge that the problem of evil poses on faith- two forms- Logical problem of evil based on the inconsistent triad- Evidential- based on the mindless suffering.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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