Problem of Evil OCR Philosophy

  • Created by: SerenM
  • Created on: 08-01-18 17:26
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  • The Problem of Evil
    • Epicurean Paradox
      • God doesn't prevent evil - omnipotent? - if omnipotent then not omnibenevolent
        • God ISNT the God of classical theism
    • David Hume
      • Omnipotent - natural + moral evil?
        • Omniscient - knows how to end evil
          • Omnibenevolent - would wna end evil
            • God DOESNT exist
    • JL Mackie
      • Inconsistant triad
        • God DOESNT exist
    • Logical P of E
      • 1) Evil + suffering exists
        • 2) God is omnibenevolent and omnipotent
          • 3) A God of classical theism would want to end evil
            • 4) God DOESNT exist
    • Evidential P of E
      • 1) Evidence of evil
        • 2) Unlikely the world was created by the God of classical theism
          • 3) Unlikely God exists
    • Irenaeus' Theodicy
      • soul making
      • Evil = teleological (purposeful)
        • World isn't perfect so we can develop
          • Hick - 'perfection cannot be readymade'
            • Epistemic distance
      • we all go to heaven
    • Augustines theodicy
      • world = perfect
        • we have free will
          • original sin = we deserve evil
            • salvation comes from GRACE OF GOD
        • evil = lack of good - not from God, not a substance
      • soul deciding
      • eternal heaven or eternal hell
    • Leibniz
      • there's a sufficient reason for evil
        • this world is the best of all possible worlds
    • Free Will Defence
      • Swinburne
        • free will is essential, make our own choices
          • disagrees with Iraneaus not everyone goes heaven bc then no consequences for actions
    • Process Theodicy
      • God gave us his power so he cant stop evil so not to blame

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