The Main Types of Religious Organisations + NRMs



Structure: the Queen is at the top of the hierachy, then the Arch Bishop Cantebury (Justin Welby), followed by more Arch Bishops then Bishops and lastly Priests. Clear divisions of power.

Relationship with wider society: integrated within society. Closely linked with the state.

Beliefs and services: traditional/conservative views. Accept norms and values. Collective worship rituals. Believe they are the one true way.

Membership: they have open membership. Welcome people from all parts of society. Require a ritual to join (e.g. Baptism).

View on other religions: believe they are the one true way. Intolerant of other religions.

Power: they are bueaucratic and closely link to state. They have clear hierachal power. Has the most power. 26 Arch- Bishops in the House of Lords.

Why would people join? Most of the country believe.

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Structure: still have a hierachy but don't have a link to the state.

Relationship with wider society: integrated within society but they have tighter restrictions e.g no alcohol.

Beliefs and services: more conservative than the Church but have more stricter views and tighter restrictions. They are more active with more rituals and services.

Membership: they have open membership and tend to rely on self-selection and family ties (conversion).

View on other religions: they see themselves as just 'one amongst many'. Tolerant of other denominations. World accomadating.  

Power: more power over members than the Church (restrictions). No power from state.

Why would people join? they have tighter structure than the Church, people may like this.

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Structure: no hierachy, more equal, have a charistamtic leader, no status.

Relationship with wider society: exclusive, withdrawn from society, hostile.

Beliefs and services: reject dominant norms and values and replaces them with their own set of beliefs and values. No collective worship.

Membership: closed membership. Self- selective. Suspicious of non- members.

View on other religions: intolerent of others. Exclusive, make up a minority and tend to attract people from marginalised backgrounds. World- rejecting.

Power: members withdraw from society, tighest control (breakaway societies), no power in society.

Why would people join? Offer wordly benefits, help marginalised groups.

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Structure: have no structure, no hierachy, no leader, no divisions of power.

Relationship witin wider society: have little control over members. Integrated. World- affirming.

Beliefs and services: emphasis opportunity and success. No services or rituals.

Membership: open membership, non- exclusive, attract higher class member.

View on other religions: tolerant of other religions, not in competition.

Power: no power over members or state. Can make a powerful impact.

Why would people join? want to be successful, balence lifestyle.

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