What are New Religion Movements (NRMs) ?
A new religous movement is a term used by Wallis to identify religious, ethical, and spiritual groups, communities and practices that have been recently formed.
There are 3 main types of NRMs. These are:
- World Rejecting NRMs
- World Accomodating NRMs
- World Affirming NRMs
What are World Rejecting NRMs?
Religeous organisation that has a clear notion of God
Highly critical of the outside world
- They seek and want radical change
To achieve salvation (protection) they must forget thier former life
Members live together with strict contact with the outside world
What are World Accommodating NRM's?
They are a religeous movement that neither accepts or rejects the world
They focus on religion rather than worldly matters
Seek to restore spiritual purity of religion
Members live conventional lives
Example:Neo-Pentocostalism wants to revive the worship of the holy spirit
What are World Affirming NRMs?
They are a religious movement that accept the world for what it is
Non exclusive and tolerant of other religions
Offer additional specialist knowledge and techniques that:
- Allows followers to unlock their own spiritual powers
- Helps to achieve success
- Overcome problems such as unhappiness or illness
Most are cults
Entry is through training
Wallis found these were the most successful NRMs
AO3's of Wallis and NRM's
+ Useful way of classifying NRMs
- Not clear how he catergorised them
- movement of teaching
- individual members beliefs
- Ignores diversity of belief
- Real NRMs will rarely fit his typology
Typology is useful for comparing and analysing significant features