The Civil War 1946-1949

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  • Created by: Abbie
  • Created on: 22-05-16 15:07

PHASE ONE

1946-7 - GMD OFFENSIVES.

  • 1946 - GMD offensive. Captured large cities. 
  • "Corridoor" in Manchuria.
  • Communists were in retreat.
  • Yanan taken.
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PHASE TWO

1947-8 - TURNING POINT FOR THE CCP.

  • PLA attacks were, at first, unsuccessful. 
  • GUERRILLA WARFARE ----> CONVENTIONAL BATTLE.
  • Series of Communist victories. Captured vital cities. 
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PHASE THREE

1948-9

  • PLA offensive at Xuzhou railway - successful
  • Easily captured Beijing.
  • WHOLE OF NORTHERN CHINA WAS OCCUPIED BY THE CCP.
  • Chiang Kai-Shek fled to Taiwan in 1949.
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GMD weaknesses

  • CONSCRIPT ARMIES - low on morale. Been in constant battle with their own people for years (SINO-JAPANESE WAR) Paid poorly.
  • LACK OF POPULAR SUPPORT - failure of THREE PEOPLE'S PRINCIPLES showed weakness.
  • CORRUPTION - asked people for money to tell them what was going on. 
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CCP strengths

  • PEASANT RESPECT - treated the population (88% peasants) with resoect - gave them land ("land to the tillers")
  • GUERILLA WARFARE TACTICS - appealing.
  • LIN BIAO - fantastic military leader.
  • MAO'S LEADERSHIP - guerilla to modern army. 
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