Civil War 1946-1949

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  • Created by: Phoebe
  • Created on: 17-04-13 17:22
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  • Civil War 1946-1949
    • Lend-Lease
      • Millions of dollars to GMD
      • Transport to carry 12 million GMD troops to surrendered Japanese zones
    • NRA outnumbered PLA troop 4 to 1
      • NRA lost 3 million men nd PLA one million men and 6 million civillian deaths
    • 5 major campaigns
      • Struggle for Manchuria 1946-1949
      • The 'Strong Point Offensive' 1947
      • The Liaoshen campaign 1948
      • The Huihai campaign 1948-1949
      • The Pinjin campaign 1948-1949
    • The Struggle for Manchuria 1946-1947
    • The strong point offensive 1947
      • NRA taking of Yunan
        • Mole passed on details of attack to PLA
          • PLA evacuated
        • Chiang overstretched the forces and didnt have support of the peasants
          • PLA  used this to carry out focused attacks on weak points
            • GMD lost North east china by late 1947
      • Changed Maos tactics from mobile defence to direct frontal war
    • The Liaoshen campaign 1948
      • The Struggle for Manchuria 1946-1947
      • Mao sent 1/4 million troops last attempt at control over Manchuria
        • defeated by savage hand to hand fighting
          • NRA lost 400,000 troops
    • The Huaihai campaign 1948-1949
      • Chiangs poor generalship
      • NRA lost 200,000 men
      • high quality american equipment in CCP hands
      • CCP dominated north and central
      • USA had already given GMD $3billion worth of supplies and didnt want to give GMD further aid
    • The Pingjin campaign 1948-1949
      • wanted beijing for its symbolic value
      • On way to Beijing PLA went from house to house killing all those who refused to surrender
      • The governor of Beijing surrendered so there would be no cultural damage 1949
    • Significance of the three campaigns
      • 4 months had control if north and central China
      • victory only a matter of time
      • In january 1949 Chiang handed power to vice president so wouldnt be responsible for GMD failure
        • Still acted as leader
      • 1949 Mao fled to Taiwan

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