Studies for VALIDITY of DSM

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Robins and Guze (1970)

How to check for validity in diagnosis:

  • Diagnosis fits- not just symptoms but other factors, eg. Gender and Age
  • If symptoms usually go together
  • If symptoms DON'T ALL occur in another condition
  • Tends to run in the famlily
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Kim-Cohen et al. (2005)

  • Longitudinal study, studied 5 year olds, looking at CONDUCT DISORDER
  • Mothers = interviewed, teachers completed postal questionnaire about signs of symptoms over past 6 months
  • If showed 3 or more symptoms = diagnosed
  • If showed 5 or more symptoms = diagnosed with SEVERE conduct disorder
  • 6.6% were given a diagnosis

Children with disorder:

  • showed anti-social behaviour, exposed to high risk factors, likely to have behavioural and educational problems
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Hoffman (2002)

  • Looked at different diagnoses of alcohol abuse, alcohol dependence and cocaine dependence
  • ppts= prison inmates
  • Used both computer prompted interview and DSM criteria
  • Found matched diagnosis from computer and DSM

VALID (Criterion validity)

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Lee (2006)

  • Aimed to see if DSM critera = useful in diagnosing ADHD to Korean children
  • look at gender differences in symptoms
  • 18 ADHD criteria in DSM-IV, e.g; hyperactivity
  • Questionnaire given to teachers- compared with DSM 

Found DSM is not good for diagnosing girls with ADHD

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