Reliability and Validity of Diagnoses

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  • Created by: tomtom11
  • Created on: 14-06-17 09:50
Reliability and Validity of Diagnosis STRENGTH- Di Nardo et al (1993)
Two clinicians diagnosed 267 people according to the DSM-III. While reliability was high for OCD, for personality disorders it was wildly different. This was rectified by the DSM-IV.
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Reliability and Validity of Diagnosis STRENGTH- Goldstein (1998)
Experts given case histories of patients who had previously been diagnosed with schizophrenia agreed widely on diagnosis- suggesting the reliability of the DSM III.
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Reliability and Validity of Diagnosis STRENGTH- Brown (2001)
Tested the reliability of the DSM IV, and said it was from good-excellent, with there only being some overlap in disorders like PTSD.
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Reliability and Validity of Diagnosis WEAKNESS- Kirk and Kutchins (1992)
Argued that studies testing the reliability of the DSM aren't accurate due to lack of trained interviewers, so no one does it the same.
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Reliability and Validity of Diagnosis WEAKNESS- Nicholls et al (2000)
DSM 4 doesn't have good inter-rater reliability for eating disorder diagnosis in kids, with over 50% of diagnoses unclassified.
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Reliability and Validity of Diagnosis WEAKNESS- Beck et al (1962)
Agreement on diagnosis was often 54% because diagnosis was often vague and confusing.
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Reliability and Validity of Diagnosis WEAKNESS- Cooper et al (1972)
Found NYC psychologists twice as likely to diagnose schizophrenia as London ones, who were twice as likely to diagnose depression/mania, when shown the same interview.
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Card 2

Front

Experts given case histories of patients who had previously been diagnosed with schizophrenia agreed widely on diagnosis- suggesting the reliability of the DSM III.

Back

Reliability and Validity of Diagnosis STRENGTH- Goldstein (1998)

Card 3

Front

Tested the reliability of the DSM IV, and said it was from good-excellent, with there only being some overlap in disorders like PTSD.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Argued that studies testing the reliability of the DSM aren't accurate due to lack of trained interviewers, so no one does it the same.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

DSM 4 doesn't have good inter-rater reliability for eating disorder diagnosis in kids, with over 50% of diagnoses unclassified.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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