- produced by colonel fox, officer of war office, compulsory programme for all 12yrs. AIMS: - install discipline - improve physical fitness - train children to handle weapons CONTENT: -marching -static exercises -weapon training METHODOLOGY: - command.. response -group response.. no individuality - taught by NCO's -taught in ranks CRITICISMS: - static training wouldn't improve fitness -teachers didn't like the children taught by NCO's - children treated like soldiers.. girls wouldn't be on front line - inappropriate for some ages and genders

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INFLUENCES: -syllabus best reflected the move away from the militaristic link and towards more education base - 1926- Hadlow report.. different teaching for different age groups - PE teachers finally allowed more freedom in choice of content - schools had limited facilities OBJECTIVES: - development of the mind - good posture - good physique - therapeutic benefits - physical fitness CONTENT: - game styles - gymnastics - athletics METHODOLOGY: - still direct style - some de-centered work - encouragement of specialist clothing - specialist PE teachers - 5x 20 mins lessons a week - outdoor lessons recommended for health benefits - groups tasks

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INTRODUCED: - leaving age raised to 15 - needed more mature PE -after WW2 needed more thinking soldiers OBJECTIVES OF 1952: - development of 'whole child' -enjoyment -sense of achievement -increased involvement for all CONTENT: - movement in modern dance - sequence work - movement to music -apparatus work METHODOLOGY: - child centered and enjoyment - specialist PE teachers -teacher guidance rather than direction - full apparatus eg ropes - problem solving

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- teachers stopped co-curricular outside of lesson time because weren't getting paid more- reduced provision and opportunity - community clubs participation increased - created a negative press for teachers - caused frustration for teachers and pupils

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- PE came core subject for those of age 5-16 POSITIVES: - broad and balanced PE for all - clear national standards - easy transfer between schools - increased likelihood of life long participation because variety of activities - development of social skills eg fair play - develops learning, thinking, analytical and creativity skills NEGATIVES: - keeping track and record cause a lot of paper work - pressure on schools with facilities eg tennis court - still offered unbalanced programme - may reduce creativity of some teachers who feel constrained - demanding on teachers who may lack support

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