SITUATION ETHICS

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  • Created on: 19-03-16 19:31

SITUATION ETHICS

JOSEPH FLETCHER

"MORALITY AN ACNIENT DEPENDS SITUATION"

INSPIRED RADICAL MOVEMENT 1950S / 60S AMERICAN & VIETNAM WAR

OPPOSED WAR - RE-ESTABLISH MORALITY - LOVE

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LEGASLISTIC ETHICS

MORAL RULES & REGULATIONS

JUDEO-CHRISTIAN LEGALISTIC ETHICAL TRADITIONS

RUNS PROBLEMS - LIFE COMPLEXITIES REQUIRE ADDITIONAL LAWS - MURDER, KILLING SELF DEFENSEM UNBORN HUMANS

TEXTBOOK MORALITY - PEOPLE CHECK MANUAL DECIDE RIGHT AND WRONG

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ANITINOMIAN ETHICS

MEANS AGAINST LAW

DOESNT USE ETHICAL SYSTEM

MORAL DECISION MATTER SPONTANEITY

EXACTLY ANARCHIC - WITHOUT RULE

FLETCHER CRITICISE

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SITUATION ETHICS.

RULE - AGAPE

MORAL DILEMA WITH PRINCIPLES AND RULES OF COMMUNITY

SET ASIDE LOVE REQUIRES

FOLLOWS / VIOLATES ACCORDING LOVE NEED

HYPOTHETICAL - DEPEND WHAT BEST

LYING JUSTIFED 

CHARITY ONLY GOOD SOMEONE BENEFITS

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4 WORKING PRINCIPLES

PRAGMATISM: PURPOSE MUST BE PRACTICAL - WORK PRACTICE

RELATIVISM: NO FIXED ABSOLOUTE RULES - DECISIONS RELATIVE AGAPE. LOVE DEMANDS STEAL = YOU SHOULD STEAL

POSTIVISM: FIRST PLACE CHIRSTIAN LOVE ROOTED IN FAITH

PERSONALISM: PEOPLE COME FIRST - CANNOT SCRAFICE PEOPLE RULE OR LAWS

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6 FUNDAMENTAL PRCINPLES

NOTHING IS GOOD IN ITSELF EXCEPT LOVE - INSTRINSIC VALUE

JESUS REPLACED LAW WITH LOVE

LOVE & JUSTICE = SAME

LOVE WILLS NEIGHBOUR GOOD

ONLY END JUSTIFIES MEANS

LOVES DECISION MADE IN EACH SITUATION

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STRENGTHS

CHRISTIAN SYSTEM - CONSISTS JESUS TEACHING

FLEXIBLE RELATIVE - ENABLES TOUGH DECISION

EMPHASIS LOVE - GOOD THING?

AVOIDS CONFLICT DUTY (PRESENT ABSOLOUTIST) E.G. NATURAL LAW & PRIMARY PRECEPTS

AGAINST CONTRACEPTION "REPRODUCTION" BUT FOR "PRESERVATION LIFE"

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WEAKNESS

CHRISTIAN SYSTEM - ATHEITS OTHER FAITHS WONT FOLLOW

UNPRINCIPLED RELATIVIST - ALLOW ANYTHING

LOVE IS SUBJECTIVE - NATURALL DISAGREE LOVE IS

DIFFICULT MAKE DECISIONS PREDICT FUTURE RESULTS BASED ACTIONS 

CONSEQUENTALIST DECISION LOVE = UNRELIABLE

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