News coverage is shaped by the way television news companies and newspapers are organised and which audiences they are aimed at
Sources of news
- Most newspapers/tv news producers purchase most of their news items from press agencies
- Many stories appear on the news simply because a press agency thinks that it is important
Time or space available
- News is tailored to fit either the time availiable for a news bulletin or the column space in a newspaper. Sometimes stories are included/excluded simply because they fit or don't fit the time or space available
- The content of the news and the style in which news is presented are very much a reaction to the type of audience that is thought to be watching or the characteristics of a newspaper's reader
New values are general guidelines or criteria that determine the worth of a news story/how much prominence it is given by newspapers or broadcast media
Galtung & Ruge (1970)
Identified the following sets of news vaulues used by journalists;
- Personalization - events that are personalized by referring to a prominent individual/celebrity associated with them
- Negativity - bad news is regarded by journalists as more exciting and dramatic than good news and is seen as attracting a bigger audience. Stories about death/tragedy are therefore ranked above positive stories.
- Reference to elite persons - the famous and the powerful are often seen as more newsworthy to the general public than those who are regarded as 'ordinary'.