SCHAFFERS STAGES OF ATTACHMENT

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  • Created by: _Holly98
  • Created on: 13-03-16 11:24

AIM

KEY STUDY: SCHAFFER & EMERSON

INVESTIGATE INFO EARLY ATTACHMENT 

AGE DEVELOPED EMOTIONAL INTENSITY 

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METHOD

31 MALE 29 FEMALE

VISIT ONCE MONTH TILL 1

ONCE AT 18 MONTHS

QUESTION PROTEST SHOWN 7 NORMAL SITUATIONS

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FINDINGS

25 - 32 WEEK SPECIFIC ATTACHMENT

MOST INTERACTIVE

40 WEEKS 80% S.A.

30% MULTIPLE

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EVALUATION

EXTERNAL VALIDITY: OBSERVE NATURAL BEHAVIOUR - OBSERVER NO EFFECT

LONGITUDINAL DESIGN: SAME KIDS = NO CONFOUNDING VARIABLES

SAMPLE CHARACTERISTICS: FAMILY FROM SAME AREA - 50 YEARS AGO CANT GENERALISE RESULTS

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STAGE 1 - ASOCIAL

BABY RECOGNISING FORMING BOND CARER

BEHVAOUR BETWEEN HUMAN & NON HUMAN OBJECTS SIMILAR

PREFERENCE FAMILIAR ADULTS - EASIER CALM

HAPPIER PRESENCE HUMANS

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STAGE 2 - INDISCRIMINATE ATTACHMENT

2 - 7 MONTHS DISPLAY SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR

PREFER PEOPLE & RECOGNISEFAMILIAR

ACCEPT CUDDLES & COMFORT ANY ADULT 

NO SEPERATION ANXIETY

NOT ATTACHED SPECIFIC PERSON

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STAGE 3 - SPECIFIC ATTACHMENT

7 MONTHS DISPLAY ANXIETY STRANGER & SEPERATION

SPECIFIC ATTACHMENT - PRIMARY CAREGIVER

PERSON OFFERS MOST INTERACTION & RESPONDS SIGNALS

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STAGE 4 - MULTIPLE ATTACHMENTS

SECONDARY ATTACHMENT

29% SECONDARY WITHIN MONTH FORMING PRIMARY 

ONE YEAR MAJORITY MULTIPLE

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EVALUATION - PROBLEM STUDY ASOCIAL

BABIES YOUNG POOR COORDINATION

IMMOBILE HARD MAKE JUDGEMENT BEHAVIOUR

EVIDENCE UNRELIABLE

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EVALUATION: CONFLICTING EVIDENCE

BOWLBY - SOME BABIES FORM ATTACHMENT SINGLE CAREGIVER BEFORE MULTIPLE

PSYCHOLOGISTS CULTURAL CONTEXTS MULTIPLE CARE GIVERS NORM

FORM MULTIPLE ATTACHMENTS FROM OUTSET

COLLECTIVST CULTURES - EVERYTHING IS JOINT

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EVALUATION: MEASURING MULTIPLE ATTACHMENT

JUST COS INDIVIDUAL LEAVES DOESNT MEAN ATTACHMENT FIGURE

BOLWBY - CHILDREN DISTRESS PLAY MATES LEAVE - DOESNT SHOW ATTACHMENT

CANT DIFFER PLAYMATES AND SECONDARY

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