Research Methods Key Terms

Research Methods: Self Report, Questionnaire, Experiment, Correlation

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  • Created by: Alie
  • Created on: 08-01-10 11:40

Laboratory Experiment

Experiment/ Research carried out in controlled environment

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Field experiment

Experiment carried out in a natural occuring environment - environment not manipulated

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Quosi Experiment

Experiment not controlled by researchers - occuring naturally, not manipulated

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Ecological Validity

For a study to have high ecological validity (eco val) the setting of the study must approximate real life

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The degree to which a study supports the intended conclusion drawn from results

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A test is considered reliable if we get the same results repeatedly

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A legal statement which involves making sure that the participants know the research that they will go through

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Sampling Method

Gathering of participants

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Experimental Hypothesis

A statement made of what researchers predict will be the outcome of the study

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Null Hypothesis

The hypothesis which states that there will be no relationship between the two variables being studied

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Positive Correlation

As one variable increases so does the other

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Negative Correlation

As one variable increases the other decreases

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No Correlation

No relationship between variables

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Method of study/ experiment

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Research method which involves the observation of a certain behaviour or situation

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Participant Observation

When the researcher is involved in the situation being observed

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Overt Observation

When the researcher in the participant observation is likely to inform the members being studied about the purpose of the study, etc

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Covert Observation

Participant observation without the awareness or agreement of the social unit being studied

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Independent Measures

Different participants used for each condition

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Repeated Measures

The same group of participants used for both conditions of the experiment

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Matched Pairs

2 separate groups of participants, matched up so that in each group there is someone with exactly the same characteristics as someone else on the other group

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Closed Questions

Questions that give you options to pick for an answer

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Open Questions

Questions which leave a space to write a response for an answer

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Random Sample

'picking names out of the hat'

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Opportunity Sample

taking opportunity of an event to select participants

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Self-selecting Sample

When people volunteer to be a participant and take part in the study

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Event Sampling

Observation - writing down each time a studied event happens

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Time Sampling

Observation - writing down how many times an event happens in a period of time (every 2 minutes for example)

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