Research Methods

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  • Created by: Ben1230
  • Created on: 31-03-18 12:20

What is the purpose of research?

  • Test a theory or hypothesis
  • develop new theories
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What is quantitative data?

Data in a numerical form.

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What is qualitative data?

Data that is not numerical.

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What is primary sources/secondary sources?

  • Sources produced by the sociologist by themselves and is tailored to what they need.
  • Secondary sources are pre existing data which is not tailored to the specific aim.
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What factors affect research topics?

  • Practical, ethical and theoretical.
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Sampling

  • Random: every sampling unit has an equal chance of being picked.
  • Stratified sampling: population divided according to variable ,then sample is chosen on population percentages.
  • Quota: determines no of people with each characteristic. Fills up quota.
  • Multi-stage: Involves taking a sample of a sample
  • Snowball: introduced to potential people who could be in your sample.
  • Oppurtunity: Select people who are accessible.
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Name 5 advantages/disadvantages of Questionnaires

  • Large amounts of data can be collected quickly.
  • access to subjects is easy
  • Quantifyable.
  • Knows what is best to ask -pre determined.
  • Cannot answer questions.
  • Confidentiality.
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Advantages and disadvantages of Interviews name 5

  • Large samples can be used if structured.
  • Large answer questions.
  • Respondents may be untruthful.
  • Social factors may influence the sort of answers.
  • Researcher bias.
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strengths and weaknesses of participant observatio

  • May gain answers to questions not necessarily noted to ask.
  • difficult for respondents to lie or mislead.
  • time
  • moral danger
  • samples are likely to be small.
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Name 5 advantages/disadvantages of longitudinal st

  • allows the researcher to look over time.
  • Does not require retrospective recall.
  • useful for studying the life course or social mobility.
  • requires a long term commitment
  • expensive
  • sample attrition
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What are the types of triangulation ?

Triangulation- cross checking studies using multiple methods.

Facilitation- one method is used to assist the use or to develop another.

Complimentary- more than one method is used to dovetail.

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Name 3 purposes for triangulation

  • check reliability.
  • gain different perspectives.
  • generalisability.
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