Religious Change under Edward VI

religious change.

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Somerset

Religion under Somerset

Differences in Opinion

  • he was a moderate Protestant who preferred a cautious approach
  • there was an even balance of opinion among the bishops
  • the majority of the population were conservative in their outlook
  • in East Anglia there was considerable support for religious reform
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Somerset

Religion under Somerset

The Introduction of Reform

  • 1547: injunction issued - services must be conducted in English
  • Each congregation must have the Paraphrases and the Book of Homilies
  • Bishops instructed to remove 'superstitious' images and statues
  • It was agreed clerical marriage should be reintroduced
  • The Chantries Act was passed; removal of centres of superstition
  • The Treason Act was passed; reformers could discuss issues more freely
  • 1548: Communion in Both Kinds was allowed
  • The sacraments were reduced and superstitious practices removed
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Somerset

Religion under Somerset

The Reaction

  • Riots of iconoclasm broke out in southern England
  • Pamphlets attacked the wealth of the church and the Eucharist
  • Bishop Bonner was arrested after his protests
  • There was opposition in Cornwall, Devon, Dorset and Yorkshire
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Northumberland

Religion under Northumberland

Reform

  • 1549: all altars to be replaced with communion tables
  • ordination was changed, allowing priests to administer the sacraments
  • 1551: new Treason Act passed, an offence to question royal supremacy.
  • second Act of Uniformity passed: recusancy is an offence
  • new Book of Common Prayer became the basis for church services
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Northumberland

Religion under Northumberland

Reactions

  • Hooper complained the ordination was too Catholic
  • There were complaints at the continued wearing of vestments.
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