reducing blood cholesterol levels.
One way to achieve a low blood cholesterol level is to maintain a low fat diet.
there are drugs that can help lower cholesterol levels in the blood.
statins are used, these inhibit an enzyme that is involved in the production of LDL cholesterol.
studies have shown that statins quickly reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke.
however some studies have showed risks to statins, one being they may increase the risk of developing some types of cancers, e.g: respiratory cancer.
diet to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
- energy balance.
- reduced saturated fat.
- more polyunsaturated fats.
- reduced cholesterol.
- reduced salt.
- more non-starch polysaccharides/ these are known as soluble-fibre and can lower blood cholesterol levels. they are found in fruite and veg. They are only partically digested forming a gel that traps cholesterol and prevents its absorbtion.
- oily fish containing omega-3 fatty acids. these are polyunsaturated fatty acids and are a type of fatty acid that are essential for cell functioning and have been linked to a reduction in heart disease.