Reasons Hitler was able to become Chancellor of Germany in March 1933.

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  • Created by: Meg_
  • Created on: 07-06-13 15:58

Economic reasons

After the crash all European countries faced a drop in world trade and a rise in unemployment.

Germany suffered when American banks demanded loan repayments given to them since 1924.

Many companies in Germany went bankrupt and by 1932 6 million people were unemployed. Many people became homeless, this was a social problem that HItler could target.

 As the problems got worse, support for etremist parties increaed. The Nazis apealed to agricultural and unemployed workers. 

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Propaganda

The Nazi party spread their messages through posters, pamphlets and Nazi controlled newspapers through effective slogans such as 'one leader.One nation'.

In 1929 Goebbels was appointed head of propaganda within the Nazi party. This showed the part was efficient and organised. Goebbels exploited both modern and old means of communication effectively, better than any other political party.

Nazi poster campagins targeted paticular audiences and speeches always dwelt on topics suitable for the audeince. 

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Illegal tactics

The Nazi private army, brownshirts encouraged an atmoshphere of chaos.

The disrupted meeteings of opposing political parties, started fires and beat up members. Afterwards they blamed the commuists for this. 

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Political reasons

Proportional representation made an effective government in Weimar Germany impossible as there was always a coalition, This made it hard for laws to be passed because other parties had to agree.

The president at the time was Hindenburg and it was his job to create a stable government so that solutions could be found to solve the economic crisis.

The Chancellor at the time was Bruning, however his economic policies were unpopular.

The Nazi party was gaining support. Hitler appealed to the german people's sense of natiolism and to the belief that they had been stabbed in the back by politicians afrer world war one.

Hitler decided to run against Hindenburg in the general election. He came second with 13 million votes and used the campaign to hammer home the Nazi party messages about nationlism and hatred of the treaty of versailles.

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