Atkinson and Shiffrin
(Decay) (Failure to Retrieve)
Baddely and Hitch
Working Memory model.
Visuo-Spatial Scratchpad Episodic Buffer Phological loop
Long Term Memory
Name 3 Studies into the accuracy of EWT
Loftus and Palmer - Leading Questions(Car crash)
Loftus - Weapon Focus/Anxiety(Knife/pen)
Valentine and Coxon - Age(Elderly and Children leading Q's)
What are the four features of the cognitive interv
Give 2 strategies for memory improvement.
Method of Loci
First Letter Mnemonics
What is the Learning theory?
What are the key features of Bowlby's evolutionary
-Safe base for exploration
-Template for future relationships
What are the 3 attachment types and their key beha
Secure - Slight distress upon seperation, relief upon return of mother
Insecure-avoidant - Little interest when seperated and reunited
Insecre-resistant - Intense distress upon seperation, seek and reject upon return
Who studied cultural variations in attachment? wha
Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg
-Mainly secure Everywhere
-More insecure-avoidant in west Germany
-More Insecure-resistant in Japan
What is the PDD model?
Three stages when disruption of attachment occurs.
What was Bowlby's study into disruption of attachm
44 Juvenile thieves
Name a case study into Privation
Name 1 study into the positive effects of daycare
Positive - Shea
Negative - Belsky and Rovine
What is needed for a good day care?
-Good ratio of staff to children
-Minimal staff turnover
What are the three experimental methods?
Give four non-experimental methods
-Self-report(Questionnaires and interviews)
Give one advantage and one disadvantage of case st
+) Lots of rich detailed data.
-) Results cannot be generalised, every case study is different.
Name three designs
Matched Pairs - similar people in each
Independent groups - Random into each group
Repeated measures - same group multiple times
Repeated measures risk order effects, what can ove
Counter balancing - One half of the group does one experiment, then they swap
Give three methods of sampling
Give an example of a directional and non direction
Directional - Listening to music will make you fall asleep faster
Non-directional - Listening to music will have an effect on how fast you fall asleep
What is a null hypothesis?
Stating that the independent variable will have no effect on the dependent variable.
What is a pilot study?
A small scale run of the experiment to highlight issues and make sure participants understand their role.
What are investigator effects?
Where the presence of the experimenter affects the results i.e encouraging PP's to give a correct answer
Give 3 ethical issues and how they can be overcome
Deception - Debrief
Informed consent - Right to withdraw
Protection from harm - confidentiality
What does quantitative data include?
Numbers. Graphs, tables and charts.
Measures of central tendancy = Averages
What is involved in Qualitative data?
Words. Interview and questionnaires.
Give two measures of dispersion
Range(Highest and Lowest)
Standard deviation(All data)
What are the correlation coefficients?
Perfect = 1 (Strong Correlation)
Negative = -1 (Strong Correlation)
Nothing = 0 (No Correlation)