Preterite Tense Irregulars

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Irregularities

Type 1 - irregular stems and no accents

typically tuvE, tuviste, tuvO, tuvimos, tuvisteis, tuvieron

Type 2 - stem change in 3rd person (singular and plural) - with normal accents

typically dormí, dormiste, dUrmió, dormimos, dormisteis, dUrmieron

Look out for:

  • Missing 1/2 of two accents (first and third sing.) 

ver, andar, huir and dar

  • Some irregulars have accents on ALL endings not already stem changed
  • Some verbs have Eron instead of IEron, which is highlighted in capitals
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TENER

Irregular stem and no accents

TUVe

tuviste

tuvo

tuvimos

tuvisteis

tuvieron

2 of 26

SER

Irregular stem and no accents

FUi

fuiste

fue

fuimos 

fuisteis

fueron

3 of 26

IR

Irregular stem and no accents

FUi

fuiste

fue

fuimos

fuisteis

fueron

4 of 26

HACER

Irregular stem and no accents

HICe

hiciste

hizo (maintaining pronunciation)

hicimos

hicisteis

hicieron

5 of 26

DAR

Irregular stem and no accents - (-ER/-IR endings without accents)

Di

diste

dio

dimos

disteis 

dieron

6 of 26

HABER

Irregular stem and no accents

HUBe

hubiste

hubo

hubimos

hubisteis

hubieron

7 of 26

CABER

Irregular stem and no accents

CUPe

cupiste

cupo

cupimos

cupisteis

cupieron

8 of 26

DECIR

Irregular stem and no accents

DIJe

dijiste

dijo

dijimos

dijisteis

dijEron

9 of 26

ESTAR

Irregular stem and no accents

ESTUVe

estuviste

estuvo

estuvimos

estuvisteis

estuvieron

10 of 26

PODER

Irregular stem and no accents

PUDe

pudiste

pudo

pudimos

pudisteis

pudieron

11 of 26

PONER

Irregular stem and no accents

PUSe

pusiste

puso

pusimos

pusisteis

pusieron

12 of 26

QUERER

Irregular stem and no accents

QUISe

quisiste

quiso

quisimos

quisisteis

quisieron

13 of 26

SABER

Irregular stem and no accents

SUPe

supiste

supo

supimos

supisteis

supieron

14 of 26

TRAER

Irregular stem and no accents

TRAJe

trajiste

trajo

trajimos

trajisteis

trajEron

15 of 26

VENIR

Irregular stem and no accents

VINe

viniste

vino

vinimos

vinisteis

vinieron

16 of 26

DORMIR

Stem change in third person (singular and plural)

Usually follow regular pattern of accents - three have accents on ALL endings not stem changed

dormí

dormiste

dUrmió

dormimos

dormisteis

dUrmieron

17 of 26

MORIR

Stem change in third person (singular and plural)

Usually follow regular pattern of accents - three have accents on ALL endings not stem changed

morí

moriste

mUrió

morimos

moristeis

mUrieron

18 of 26

OÍR

Stem change in third person (singular and plural)

Accents on ALL endings not stem changed (breaks pattern slightly)

oíste

oYó

oímos

oísteis

oYEron

19 of 26

LEER

Stem change in third person (singular and plural)

Accents on ALL endings not stem changed (breaks pattern slightly)

l

leíste

leYó

leímos

leísteis

leYEron

20 of 26

CAER

Stem change in third person (singular and plural)

Accents on ALL endings not stem changed (breaks pattern slightly)

caÍ

caíste

caYó

caímos

caísteis

caYEron

21 of 26

VER

Misses one (or two) of two accents from the regular pattern

vI

viviste

vió

vimos

visteis

vieron

22 of 26

HUIR

Stem change in third person (singular and plural)

Usually follow regular pattern of accents - three have accents on ALL endings not stem changed

huI

huiste

huYó

huimos

huisteis

huYEron

23 of 26

ANDAR

-ER/-IR endings without accents (and no 'i' in third person singular)

anduve

anduviste

anduvO

anduvimos

anduvisteis

anduvieron

24 of 26

PEDIR

Stem change in third person (singular and plural)

Usually follow regular pattern of accents - three have accents on ALL endings not stem changed

pedí

pediste

pIdió

pedimos

pedisteis

pIdieron

(same rules apply for sentir, servir, seguir & vestirse)

25 of 26

PREFERIR

Stem change in third person (singular and plural)

Usually follow regular pattern of accents - three have accents on ALL endings not stem changed

preferí

preferiste

prefIrií

preferimos

preferisteis

prefIrieron

(same rules apply for sentir, servir, seguir & vestirse)

26 of 26

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