Regular Tense Formations

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The Future Tense

Keep the infinitive and add:

é

ás

á

amos

éis

án

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The Conditional Tense

Keep the infinitive and add:

ía

ías

ía

íamos

íais

ían

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The Preterite Tense: AR verbs

é

aste

ó

amos

asteis

aron

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The Preterite Tense: IR/ER verbs

i

iste

imos

isteis

ieron

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The Imperfect Tense: AR verbs

aba 

abas

aba

ábamos

abais

aban

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The Imperfect Tense: IR verbs

ía

ías

ía

íamos

íais

ían

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Imperitives: Informal, one person

Tú form- as/es

Remove the S

(Come el bocadillo)

Irregulars:

Decir- di

Poner- pon

Hace- haz

Salir- sal

Tener- ten

ir- ve

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Imperitives: Informal, more than one person

(vosotros- you pl)

Take the infinitive and replace 'r' with 'd'

"escribid un ensayo"

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Imperitives: Reflexive verbs and pronouns

Reflexives:

Sentarse- Sentaos

Levantarse- Levantaos

Direct Object Pronouns for on the end:

Démelo- give it to me

Hazmelo- do it for me

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Imperitives: Formal

Usted (he/she) or ustedes (they)

 Present Subjunctive 

eg.

Coma el bocadillo,

Coman el bocadillo

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Imperitives: Negative Commands

Informal: Tú/vosotros

Formal- Usted/ustedes

All use the subjunctive!!!

Informal:

No entres en la cuera

No entréis en la cuera

Formal:

No entre en la cuera 

No entren en la cara

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The Perfect Tense

'Have done something'

Haber (to have)

He

Has

Ha

Hemos

Habéis

Han

+Past Participle:

Replace ar/ir with ado/ido

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The Pluperfect Tense

'had' done something (further back than 'have')      

Había

Habías

Había

Habíamos

Habíais

Habían

+past participle (ado/ido)

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The Present subjunctive

Take the yo form of the present tense

Remove the o

Add:

AR verbs: e, es, e, emos, eis, en

ER/IR verbs: a, as, a, amos, áis, an

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The Imperfect Subjunctive

3rd Person Plural of the preterite tense- ieron/aron

Remove the 'ron'

Add:

ra, ras, ra, ramos, rais, ran

or

Se, ses, se, semos, seis, sen

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