Rosa Parks entered the civil rights NAACP,movement with a bang. Previously having done work for the she refused to move from her seat during a trip on an overcrowded segreagated bus in Montgomery on the 1st December 1955, this resulted in her arrest.
Her bravery inspired the Montgomery Bus Boycott which lasted a year and crippled the income needed to sustain the service. After this the Supreme Court intervened and declared segregation on buses unconstitutional.
Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King was born15th January 1929 in Atlanta and was assasinated in 1968 by bullet. In 1954, he became pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery where Rosa Parks was famously arrested.
After Parks' arrest in 1955, King came to national prominence in the US. He was a leading figure in organising the boycott by African Americans of buses in Montgomery.
In 1957, King established the SCLC. He was not immediatly sucessful but the Birmingham Campaign changed that. He was put into solitary confinement in Birmingham jail from which he wrote his iconic Brimingham letter. When he was released he worked even harder and ensured that the police violence towards the non-violent protests was broadcast by the media. The world needed to see the corruption taking place in a supposedly free country.
His lengendary 'I have a Dream' speech was spoken during the March at Washington.
The Poor People’s Campaign was established in December 1967. SCLC lobbied the government to improve their efforts in combating poverty. On 3 April 1968, he arrived in Memphis, Tennessee to prepare for a march in support of striking sanitation workers.
Born in Baltimore, Maryland on July 2, 1908, Thurgood Marshall was the grandson of a slave.
In 1930, he applied to the University of Maryland Law School, but was denied admission because he was Black. This was an event that was to haunt him and direct his future professional life. Thurgood sought admission and was accepted at the Howard University Law School
He won his first Civil Right's case in 1935 with the Murray Vs Pearson case, in which Donald Murray gained admission to law school despite his race.
Later, he took part in cases such as Chambers Vs Florida (1940) and Smith Vs Allwright (1940). His landmark case was Brown Vs Board (1954) which lead to the desegregation of all of the schools in both south and north America.
He was considered one of the most sucessful lawyers of his time, winning 29 cases out a total of 30. He was the first black man to become a judge in the Supreme Court, nominated in 1967 by President Johnson. He fully believed that the constitution was the tool that would make black and white people equal.