Population Case Studies

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  • Created by: charlyb
  • Created on: 17-03-16 00:17

China's One Child Policy

  • Since 1950s experienced great changes in population
  • Baby booms in 1950-60 increased population from 562 million to over 820 million
  • Increase in population also caused by rapid falling death rates which created a population growth of 2.8%
  • 1970, china has ¼ of world population, only 7% of arable land
  • China feared war, disease and famine
  • 1979, one child policy. Regulations that restrict family size and late marriage.
  • Generally illegal to have more than one child, fined if do
  • Strongly controlled in urban areas. Rural families allowed two children if first was female or disabled
  • Increase in the number of forced abortions and sterilizations
  • Underpinned by a system of rewards and penalties, vary hugely from area to area
  • Very successful (Growth rate decrease from 2.8% to 0.628%)
  • Gender ratio in China a problem, as girls not wanted

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Byker Ward - Inner City

  • East of city centre
  • Population of 8220
  • Houses had poor amenities and by 1960 had fallen into a poor state of repair
  • House scheme was designed to rehouse many people in the area. Some others were moved out to new council estates on the edge of the city.
  • Redevelopment included the high rise Byker wall which shelters many low rise housing areas from noise
  • Social housing at present, 58% live in council housing
  • 7% unemployed
  • Mainly white people : 95.43%
  • Health is good for 54% of people
  • 2094 people are Level E of social grade (State benefit, unemployed lowest grade workers)
  • 2820 people have no qualifications
  • 21.26% of the population are between 30 and 44 years old
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Long Horsley - Rural

  • 30 km north of Newcastle
  • Population of 1495
  • Was a stopping place for drovers who led cattle down from the hills of Scotland. In 1950 changed to a successful farming village
  • There were 3 farms, a number of small holdings and around 500 inhabitants
  • Has changed into a commuter area. Also used by non agricultural workers who want to keep horses. Farms have been developed into houses and a number of large private house have been built on the edge of the village
  • 97% white
  • Health is good for 74%
  • 422 people are A/B social grade (higher/intermediate managerial / administrative / professional)
  • 391 people have level 4/5 qualifications
  • 1.46% unemployed
  • 21.77% are between 45 and 59 years old
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France - Pro Natalist Policy

A policy which aims to enourage more births through the use of incentives

The decline in fertility and the increase in life length has raised three concerns:

  • A decrease in the supply of labour
  • The socioeconomic implications of an ageing population
  • The long term prospect of population decline and demise

1939- Frances Pro Natalist Policy

  • Payment of up to £1064 to couples having their third child.
  • Family allowances to increase the purchasing power of three child families.
  • Maternity leave on near full pay for 20 weeks for the first child to 40 weeks or more for the third child.
  • 100% mortgage and preferential treatment in the allocation of three bedroom council flats.
  • Full tax benefits to parents until the youngest child reaches 18.
  • 30% fare reduction on all public transport for three child families.
  • Pension schemes for mothers/housewives.
  • Child-orientated development policies e.g. provisioning of creches, day nurseries etc.
  • Depending on the family’s income, childcare costs from virtually nothing to around €500 a month for the most well off of families.
  • Nursing mothers are encourage to work part-time or take a weekly day off work.
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