Plato - Concept of the forms
After escaping the cave, what the philosopher sees is in reference to Plato's 'Forms'
Plato was a dualist - he believed in two realities, separate from each other. The realities are:
The Realm of the Particulars (everyday objects we see around us)
The Realm of the Forms (the objects outside the cave)
A fun example: A cup. What makes it a cup? Its shape? Its purpose? There are many different kinds of cups of all shapes, sizes and purposes yet we can identify them all as cups. Plato says that this is because it participates in the 'Form of the cup', which gives it 'cupness'.
Hierarchy of Forms
Truth Be Justified Children In Poland Leave Oranges In Ostriches:
Truth, Beauty, Justice
Physical Living Objects
The Form of the Good:
TBJ, CI, PLO, IO:
Truth be justified, children in Poland leave oranges in ostriches.
The Forms vs The Particulars
Our world (the particulars) are constantly changing - death, decay......
The forms don't change, and last forever (immutable and eternal)
Particulars = inferior copies/reps of The Forms. The Forms are ideal versions.
The senses can easily be fooled
The Forms represent true reality
The Forms vs The Particulars, even easier
Our world changes constantly.
THE Forms NEVER change.
Particulars are Inferior to The Forms.
Senses aren't trustworthy.
Forms represent reality.