- Piarget was a frenchman who we can blame our education systum today on. He regarded a child as a scientist, following a inbuilt path of discovery and thinking.
- He was a child geinious and published his first paper showing hypothertical thinking before he hit the age of 11.
- He carried out most of his experiments into cognative development on his children.
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A stage theory
Piarget created a stage theory to explain cognitive development.
Qualitys of a stage theory are:
- developmant follows a fixed order
- behaviorgets better stage by stage
- Pattern is universal (true for evryone)
- People cant go backwards through the stages
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Piarget's stages of cognitive development
- SENSORI-MOTOR STAGE (lack) 0-2
- body schema-recognises existance
- motor co-ordanation- learns to co-ordanate
- object permanence- learns that objects/people are still their evan if they cant see them
- PRE-OPERATIONAL STAGE (lack) 2-7
- animisum- Treat inanimate objects as if they have feelings
- reversability- being able to put yourself in other peoples shoes
- (still have) egocentrisum- thinks the whole world revolves around them
- CONCRETE OPERATIONAL STAGE (develop) 7-11
- Linguistic humor- Children start understanding and enjoying word games and douddle meanings
- seriation- Ability to rank
- conservation- know properties of an object are conserved even if objects appear diffrent
- FORMAL OPERATIONAL STAGE (develop) 11+
- hypothetical thinking- can perform thinking tasks and solve logical probems
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- some children develop in faster or slower stages an example of this is PIAGET HIMSELF, a child genious
- reserchers argue that some adults never complete formal operational stage
- sample sizeis tiny as he used his children to develop theorythis makes his findings UNGENRALISABLE
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