- Taught Aristotle
- 428–427 BC
- Theory of the forms - that thereis the real forms in another world. Beauty, truth and beauty
- Form of good - The highest form
- The analogy of the cave reflect the world we live in
- A Posteriori Argument
- Material world as it seems to us is not the real world, but only an image or copy of the real world.
- infinate regressiion
- Soul exists
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- 384 BC – 322 BC
- Student of Plato
- Infinate Regression - Numbers are concepts so can't be compared with things which are contingent
- Cause and Effect - must have a starting point
- Prime Mover - This is god, cannot move, necessary existence
- 4 causes - Material, formal, efficient, final cause.
- A posteriori
- Actuality and Potentiality - egg has potentiality to become a scrambled egg
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Attributes of God
- God is the creator
- Judio-Christian tradition
- 'in the beginning when God created the heavens and earth' (Genesis 1:1)
- Creatio ex nihilo - God made universe out of nothing
- The craftsman - god is like a craftsman
- God as a creator of a beautiful, ordered and harmonious world.
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- Gaunillo - Everyone has the idea of a perfect island it doesn't mean it exists and gossip.
- Anselm - We all have an idea of god so therefore he must exist, even if it is only in the mind, but if he only exists in the mind then this is inferior to anything in both mind and reality.
- Neccessary - it must exist
- Contingent - exists because of something else
- Islands are contingent and have no intrinsic maxim
- Descarates - Only thing he cannot doubt is that he exists
- i think therefore i am
- like a triangle has three sistes
- Cant deny gods existence it is immutable
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