AS-Level, Philosophy, Knowledge of the External World, Revision Booklet

I'm using these notes for my up-coming exam (urgggh...) and I thought that since I've wrote them out so nicely, I'd share them with everyone else who's struggling through the woes of Philosophy at A-Level.

This booklet is only Knowledge of the External World which is covered in the SECOND Philosophy Paper.

And just so you know, I don't have the best (nor worst) set of notes for this topic so if you spot anything wrong I'd be quite grateful of you to point it out and such. I'd hate to give you the wrong information and such...

Kasey

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Kathryn.C
  • Created on: 23-04-11 18:19
Preview of AS-Level, Philosophy, Knowledge of the External World, Revision Booklet

First 20 words of the document:

AS Philosophy Topic One: Knowledge of the External World
Knowledge of the External World Revision Booklet
1

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

AS Philosophy Topic One: Knowledge of the External World
CONTENTS
Common Sense Realism 3 ­ 4
Philosophical Direct Realism 5
Representative Realism 6 ­ 8
Idealism 9 ­ 12
Phenomenalism 13 ­ 15
2…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

AS Philosophy Topic One: Knowledge of the External World
COMMONSENSE REALISM
Definition:
The
theor
y t
hat
we
have
dir
ect
,
unmedi
ated
access
to
the
ext
ernal
wor
ld.
Key Philosophers:
G.E.
Moor
e(
20t
h
Cent
uryE
ngl
ishP
hi
losopher
)
andT
homasR
ei
d(
18t
h
Cent
ury
Scot
ti
sh
Phi
losopher
)
"The mind petrifies if a circle be drawn around it, and it can hardly be that dogma draws a circle
round the mind." ~ (G.E.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

AS Philosophy Topic One: Knowledge of the External World
Thef
act
that
wec
anf
unct
ioni
nt
hew
or
ld,
uset
hema
t
eri
alsa
t
our
di
sposal
,
bui
ldh
omes,
her
d
c
a t
tl
ee
t
c.
S uggest
st
hat
wee
xper
iencet
hew
or
lda
si
treal
lyi
so
t
her
w i
sew
ew
oul
dn'
t
bea
bl
et
o
f
unct
ion
proper
ly
in
it
.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

AS Philosophy Topic One: Knowledge of the External World
PHILOSOPHICAL DIRECT REALISM
Definition:
A t
heor
yd
evel
opedo
uto
fC
S R,
that
at
tempt
st
os
ol
ves
omeo
f
thep
r
obl
emso
f
CSR
especi
all
y t
he
"Argument
f
rom
Il
lusi
on"
.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

AS Philosophy Topic One: Knowledge of the External World
REPRESENTATIVE REALISM
Definition:
The
Bel
ief
t
hat
we
do
not
have
dir
ect
,
unmi
ti
gat
ed
(unmedi
ated)
access
to
the
w or
ld
Key Philosophers:
John
Locke
and
Ber
tr
and
R ussel
l
"The mind represents the External World, but does not duplicate it." ~ (John Locke)
"By convention sweet, by convention bitter, by convention hot, by convention cold, by convention
colour: but in reality atoms and void.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

AS Philosophy Topic One: Knowledge of the External World
5.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

AS Philosophy Topic One: Knowledge of the External World
John Locke:
Joh nw a saB
r i
ti
shE
mp iri
ci
st
(1632­1
7 0 4 ) andc
o nsi
d ereds e nse da t
a(
u sedt e rm `i
de as '
)
tob es epa r
ate
fr
o m o b j
ects
in
the
exter
n al
worl
d.…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

AS Philosophy Topic One: Knowledge of the External World
IDEALISM
Definition:
The
theor
y t
hat
t
he
obj
ect
of
ext
ernal
per
cept
ion,
i
n i
tsel
f
or
as
per
cei
ved,
consi
sts
of
i
d eas.
Key Philosopher:
G eor
geB
er
kel
ey.
AnI
ri
shP
hi
losopher
whoa
dvancedat
heor
yw
hi
chh
ec
al
led
`
I
mmat
eri
ali
sm'
w hi
ch
is
now known
as
Subj
ect
ive
Ideal
ism.…read more

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Here's a taster:

AS Philosophy Topic One: Knowledge of the External World
Arguments of Idealism against Representative Realism:
1. Locke is an incoherent Empiricist ­ the concept of `matter' is meaningless
O neo f t
h eF
unda me nt
al
Principles
of
E mpir
ici
smi
s that
all co ncept
s (
`cat', `dog', `table')
must
have
t
hei
r
ori
gins
in
senseexper
ience
E.
g.…read more

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Philosophy resources:

See all Philosophy resources »See all resources »