Leisure time can be used to take part in physical activity.
People will take part if it is enjoyable, if it gives a sense of achievement, if it contributes to good health/fitness, if it relieves stress, if it is social and if it is competitive enough.
Influences on taking part: Family, peers/friends, gender, race/culture, popularity of sport, socio-economic situation, disability, role models and the media.
Positive factors of group pressures: active, supportive, encouraging, role models.
Negative factors of group pressures: non-active, different interests, expectations too high, cultural differences.
Participation is affected by:
Age, attitude, access, environment, fashionable sports, finance, schools.
No participation is affected by:
Health, injury, disability, peer pressure, culture, lack of confidence, technology, cost.
Health and diet influences:
Obesity is being severely overweight. It can cause: cariovascular strain, heart disease and pressure on the skeletal system.
Anorexia nervosa is being extremeley under weight and having no desire to eat. It can lead to: hair loss, infertility and osteoporosis.
Health and hygeine:
Feet, clothing, shoes, hair, teeth, nails and body should be kept clean. Sweat causes bacteria to breed.
How to Play/Participate
- League system: all teams play against eachother and a table of points is devised.
- Ladder system: usually for individual sports. Players ordered by succes, e.g. 1) Jordan 2) Kate 3) Jonah
- Knockout system: Used for individual or teams. Winner/drawers move on to the next round.
- Players must obey the rules
- This is to make the game run smoothly, ensures safety and adds to the enjoyment
- Players can receive penalties or be suspended for ignoring the rules
- Is an unwritten set of rules
- Good sportsmanship
- Reflects fair play
Technology in Sport
Technology improvements in sport:
- Stronger and lighter safety equipment and clothing
- Starting pistols connected to timers
- Recording sensors to tell judges where competitors are in races
- Computer programs to track progress and improvements when training
- Large screen displays for playbacks to help analysis of an event
- Web sites for communication between clubs and teams, also can keep supporters involved and informed
Clothing in sport
- Clothing can be used to keep the participant dry, also it can show team affiliation.
- It can affect the athletes performance: it needs to be strong, comfortable, correctly sized, protective and in some sports prevent injury.
- Runners can wear footwear with rubber soles
- Rugby players wear studded boots
- Cricketers wear spiked footwear
- Golfers wear footwear with spikes or rubber soles
Safety in Sport
The 6 main aspects of safety in sport are:
1) All kit and equipment in good condition
2) Appropriate warm-up prior to activity
3) Playing surface is suitable and safe
4) Instructions are followed
5) Correct technique is applied
6) Rules are obeyed