Parliamentary Law Making - Stages

The stages of parliamentary law making

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  • Created by: Charlotte
  • Created on: 29-11-11 17:48

House of Commons: Green Paper & White Paper

Green Paper - Proposal which asks for interested parties views - a consultation paper.

White Paper -  1st draft of proposals for new law - takes into account parties views.

Both optional!

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1st Reading

Formal procedure - name and main aims read out.

Verbal vote - aye/no; if unclear walk through a yes/no door.

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2nd Reading

Debate on whole bill & main principles.

- If people wish too speak, must catch Speakers eye.

- Need a majority vote.

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Committee Stage

(16-50 MPs) - Clause by Clause stage.

- Standing committee chosen as they have an interest in the area - if it was a finance bill the whole house debates it.

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Report Stage

Committee report back on amendments - if no amendments goes straight to 3rd Reading.

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3rd Reading

Final vote on the bill - (unlikely to fail at this stage).

- 6 MPs are needed for another debate.

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House of Lords: Stages Repeated

If there are amendments here the bill will get sent back to the House of Commons for their view.

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Royal Assent

Only hears the title of the bill and gives their formal approval to every bill (has to due to the Royal Assent Act 1961).

The last time a bill was refused was in 1707 by Queen Anne on the Scottish Militia Bill.

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this is a really good summary



The only thing I would add to this guide a yes/no door is formally known as a division whereby members walk through their chosen division lobby 

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