O+E influence of Culture on romantic relationships

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  • Created by: EClou
  • Created on: 27-05-16 09:11

AO1 - influence of culture on romantic relationshi

  • culture - human-made bit of environment (Herskovits)  - it also affects human behaviour - i.e. it's interactive therefore it affects our relationship behaviour 
  • cross-cultural research highlights assumptions + so elimitates bias + helps reduce errors when examining other cultures + helps us appreciate situational factors + extend variables + relaibility + validity of theories
  • Moghaddam - in invidualist western cultures relationships are voluntary and temporary but in collectivist non-western cultures relationships are involuntary and permanent
  • one major cultural influence on RRs is marriage and whether it is arranged or a love marriage 
  • e.g.s Gupta + SIngh 1982- compared love + liking in 100 professional couples in Jaipur - 50% arranged + 50% love - love + liking sclaes completed at 1,5 +10 yrs - in love marraiges love + liking started high + decreased and vice versa for arranged 
  • Myers et all 2005 found no difference in marital satisfaction between arranged marraiges in India and love marriages in the USA amongst individuals
  • other relevant research ing china - Xioahe + Whyte 1990 - women in love marriages are more satisfied that those in arranged marriages + in 1949 no. of arranged marriages = 70%, in 1990s = 10%
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AO2 - influence of culture on romantic relationshi

  • Marriage often assumed to be etic construct (i.e. concepts generally the same accross all cultures) however it's actually emic -> diff characteristics in different cultures
  • - i.e. conclusions from findings about marriage in one culture can't be generalised onto another as marriages start/are maintained differently in individualist and collectivist cultures.
  • - e.g. can't study marriage breakdown in some relationships in some cultures as it divorce/separation is not permitted. - therefore there are issues with the cross-cultural comparaisons because of this as the marriage would have to be maintained on some level
  • conflicting findings in India + China - explained by generalising - e.g. women's higher satisfaction in China in love marriages (LM) compared to arranged (AM) maybe because China is modernising more than India  - or diff gender relations - men maybe more satisfied by AM than women so studies where both couple's satisfaction is measured make those marriages seem more successful 
  • some ppl move from collectivist cultures to individualist and so are influenced by both cultures - e.g. AM in India may = diff emotions to 3rd generation Indian Migrants in the UK - you may be happier in an AM if you live where choice not expected rather than where it is 
  • ++ 2nd generation Pakistani Muslim women in Canada favoured LM but feared their fathers would object - acculturation leads to diff attitudes which will affect experience if preferred option cant be pursued - research must reflect cultural chnges 
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AO3 - influence of culture on romantic relationshi

  • Cultural Bias in research: - imposed etic my have been used to judge relationship behaviour - where a research imposes their own cultural biases + theoretical framework even if it doesn't fit the study subject and distorts findings  - e.g. Gupta + Singh - used Rubin's loving + liking scale - devised in the US which has an individualist culture but India has a collectivist culture. THEREFORE they assume US social constructs also apply to India - invalid
  • Ethics - protection from Psych Harm must be considered as qus about love/family/permanence/arguments may be traumatic 
  • Privacy + Confidentiality - personal issues relating to fidelity/intimacy + Ps may not want family to know about behaviour/attitudes that may conflict their family's 
  • Socially Sensitive 
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