Boroque composers use MAJOR and MINOR keys
They found that MODULATING was a good way to create contrast in music
New structures such as BINARY, TERNANRY, RONDO, VARIATION forms were created to organise music.
You can recognise Baroque music by:
- the dynamics as they change suddenly. Thery are always either loud or soft not inbetween or any gradual changes.
- Melodies are built up through motifs, so there is a lot of repitition.
- Simple Harmonies
- Lots of ornaments
- Texture which is contrapuntal or polyphonic
- a Basso Continuo
Classical music grew out of baroque music, so its very similar but not the same:
- Less ornaments
- Basic forms and Sonata form
- More subtle dynamics using crescendos and diminuendos. It doesn't just change suddenly
- Memorable melodies which are more basic
- The piano was invented and the orchestra got bigger
Baroque and Classical Forms
Two contrasting sections which are played twice. Section A then Section B, so the form is like this: AABB.
Three parts, each section repeats. It goes like this: AABBAA.