Music Flash Cards

The first area of study for music GCSE.

Three set workds from the threee principal musicall periods

Baroque era

Classical era

Romantic era

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Handel - And the Glory of the Lord 1

The Baroque Era (1600-1750)

 

 And the Glory of The Lord from the oritorio Messiah by G.F. Handel

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Part 1: prophecies fortelling the coming of the Messiah, texts taken from old testiment & the story of His birth from new testiment

Part 2: the passion music of the suffering and cruifixion of Jesus, set mainly to words of the old testiment

Part 3: tells of Jesus' resurrection from the dead

  • Aria - a solo vocal piece with instrumental accompaniment - reflects a mood or emotion, usually uplifting/joyful
  • Recitative - style used in operas, oritorios and cantatas in which the text is told in the rhythm of the speech. Minimal use of music - in Messiah the scene is set
  • The aria leads directly into 1st main chorus.
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The Baroque Era (1600-1750)

 

 And the Glory of The Lord from the oritorio Messiah by G.F. Handel

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Key ideas

Idea 1: 'And the glory of the Lord' - Short theme has two characteristic features. The first 3 notes outline a triad (A maj). The setting of the words is mainly syllabic

Idea 2: 'Shall be revealed' - This idea is built up using 2 one-bar descending sequences + is melismatic for the word 'revealed'

Idea 3: 'And all flesh shall see it together' - Repetitive idea consisting of 3 statements of the descending 4th idea. Repetition gives idea of firm statement

 Idea 4: 'For the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it' - Characterised by dotted minim repeated notes.Notes serve to emphasise the convitction 'the Lord hath spoken it.' To make the strength come through Handel doubles this with the tenors and basses

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The Baroque Era (1600-1750)

 

 And the Glory of The Lord from the oritorio Messiah by G.F. Handel

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Keys:

  • Starts in A major
  • Modulates at bar 21 to E major
  • After a perfect cadance it goes back to A major
  • Bar 58-73 A maj modulates to E maj and hen swiftly to B maj (doinant) at 67
  • Bar 94 returns to E maj
  • Piece ends on A major 
  •  
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The Baroque Era (1600-1750)

 

 And the Glory of The Lord from the oritorio Messiah by G.F. Handel

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Hemiola rhythm at bars 9-10. This was a very common practice when approaching a cadance.

Intro ends in a perfect cadance

Texture is homophonic at the begining

Tonic pedal in the tenor and bass parts at bar 51

Second section ends in a plagal cadance but cadance in bar 83 is imperfect

 

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The Baroque Era (1600-1750)

 

 And the Glory of The Lord from the oritorio Messiah by G.F. Handel

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The three-beath rest in all four voice parts leads into the final plagal cadance in four part homophony to add emphasis to the final words

'Hath spoken it''  

Different choral style

  • Single-line writingg (monophonic)
  • Four-part choir (homophonic
  • Simple imitation
  • Two ideas together
  • Doubling of parts
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