What did Milgram do?
- advertised for male volunteers, offering payment of $4.50
- asked participants to be the 'experimenter' and would meet a fake 'learner'
- strapped the fake learner to a machine
- asked the experimenter to ask questions to the learner, which if then answered wrong would be given an electric shock
- this shock increased by 15V each time a question was answered wrong
- this went up to 450V
They found that:
- 35% of the participants did not give the full 450V when asked to
- when the participant was told that the psychologist would have full responsibility for the learner, they were more likely to continue with the experiment
- There are some ethical and moral issues with this study as it was causing potential psychological harm
- Full informed consent was not gained
- It was difficult for Participants to withdraw
What happened next
- Elms & Milgram (1974) went back to the participants from the original study and found that there had been no long term effects causes by the study.
- Milgram argued that although difficult, it was possible to withdraw