Memory Key Words

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  • Created by: ell.hm
  • Created on: 29-04-16 19:09

Encoding

Encoding

Changing information so that it can be stored 

 

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Storage

Storage

Holding information in the memory system

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Retrieval

Retrieval

Recovering information from storage

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Multi Store

Multi Store

The idea that information passes through a series of memory stores

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Sensory Store

Sensory Store

Holds information received from the senses for a very short period of time

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Short Term Store

Short Term Store

Holds approximately seven chunks of information for a limited amount of time

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Long Term Store

Long Term Store

Holds a vast amount of information for a very long period of time

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Recency Effect

Recency Effect

Information recieved later is recalled better than earlier information

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Primacy Effect

Primacy Effect

The first information recieved is recalled better than subsequent information

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Reconstructive Memory

Reconstructive Memory

Altering our recollection of things so that they make more sense to us

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Structural Processing

Structural Processing

Thinking about the physical appearance of words to be learnt

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Phonetic Processing

Phonetic Processing

Thinking about the sound of words to be learnt

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Semantic Processing

Semantic Processing

Thinking about the meaning of words to be learnt

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Levels of processing

Levels of Processing

The depth at which information is thought about when trying to learn it 

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Interference

Interference

Things that we have already learnt that make if difficult to recall other information that we have learnt

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Retroactive Interference

Retroactive Interference

When information we have recently learnt hinders our ability to recall information we have learnt previously 

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Proactive Interference

Proactive Interference

When information we have already learnt hinders our ability to recall new information

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Context

Context

The general setting or environment in which activities happen

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Anterograde Amnesia

Anterograde Amnesia

Being unable to learn new information after suffering brain damage

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Hippocampus

Hippocampus

A brain structure which is crucial for memory

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Retrograde Amnesia

Retrograde Amnesia

Loss of memory for events that happened before brain damage occured 

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Reliability

Reliability

In the context of eyewitness testimony, the extent to which it can be regarded as being accurate

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Leading Question

Leading Question

A question that hints that a particular type of answer is required

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Cognitive Interview

Cognitive Interview

A method of questioning witnesses that involves recreating the context of an event

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Stereotype

Stereotype

An oversimplified, generalised set of ideas that we have about others, for example secondary head teachers are strict, intimidating, scary and male

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