Lifestyle and health

lifestyle and health revisison cards.

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  • Created by: Jess
  • Created on: 21-02-10 18:41

what is risk?

Risk is a measure of the probability that damage to health will occur as a result of a given hazard.

The concept of risk has two elements:

  • the probability a hazardous event will occur
  • the consequences of that hazardous event.

To be able to understand the risk we need to know many other things:

  • over what time period does this occur?
  • how does the number accumulated a day affect the overall figure?
  • do stress levels, alchol intake, occupation, gender, pollution or other factors have an influence?
  • does location have an effect?
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risk factors and cancer

cancer is not a single disease and does therefore not have a single cause. some casual factors are out of our individual control for example: age and genetic factors. others are lifestyle factors therefore within our control.

specific lifestyle factors that contribute to cancer include:

  • smoking
  • diet
  • obesity
  • physical activity
  • sunlight (sunbeds or exposure to sunlight over a prolonged period)
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risk factors and CHD (coronary heart disease)

CHD is the largest cause of death in the UK. however, some of these factors are beyond our control such as: genes, age and gender.

there are however some factors that we can control such as:

  • smoking
  • high blood pressure
  • blood cholesterol levels
  • obesity
  • diet
  • physical activity
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Reducing the risk of cancer and CHD.

some of the factors that could reduce the chance of getting both CHD and cancer are:

  • giving up or not taking up smoking,
  • avoid becoming overweight
  • reducing salt intake in the diet
  • reducing intake of cholesterol and saturated fats in the diet
  • taking regular aerobic exercise
  • keeping alcohol consumption within safe limits
  • increasing the intake of dietary fibre and antioxidants in the diet.
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