Lagos case study

  • Created by: Hlm153
  • Created on: 25-10-18 16:40

Push factors (from rural)

  • There is a land shortage due to population growth in the rural area
  • Land is degraded (becoming poorer quality) due to farming
  • Poor education and health services
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Pull factor (to city)

  • Variety in jobs with potential to earn higher wages
  • Easier access to educational and healthcare facilities
  • Possible better standard of living
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Advantages of Makoko floating school

  • Main aim to generate a new, sustainable and ecological building system which could be copied along the coast
  • The immediate impact of the new building was sense of ownership that Makoko's inhabitants derived from it
  • Only public space in the area so vital meeting point for community
  • Half building, half boat is designed to use renewable energy, recycle organic waste and harvest rainwater
  • School gives residents of all ages a chance at education
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Lagos statistics

  • Population - 20 million
  • Population growth rate - 6%
  • Area - 1,000 km2
  • Population density - 13,000/km2
  • Average annual income - £670
  • GDP - £18 billion
  • Waste per day - 10,000 tonnes
  • Religion - 68% Christians; large muslim minority
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Eko Atlantic - advantages

  • Will stimulate the multiplier effect through significant direct investment
  • Will offer new habitable space in overcrowded city where space is rare
  • Good publicity for Lagos wishing to attract multi-national companies
  • Reclaimed area of Eko Atlantic is designed to protect Lagos from flooding and storm surges
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Eko Atlantic - disadvantages

  • Cause water pollution and disturbances to marine life through accidental spillages and sand dredging
  • Neighbouring communities will have difficulty dealing with increased pressure on services and infrastructure
  • Jobs created will not be permanent and many jobs will not go to poorest residents of Lagos
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Lagos - national importance

  • Home to 10% of the Nigerian population
  • Lagos contributes about 30% of Nigeria's GDP
  • Accounts for over 60% of industrial and commercial activities in the nation
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Lagos - regional importance

  • If taken as a country on its own, its 2010 GDP of $80 billion made it the 11th largest economy in Africa
  • With a population well over 16 million, Lagos is the seventh fastest growing city in the world, and the second largest city in Africa
  • Lagos Airport is the main arrival point for 80% of flights into West Africa
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Lagos - international importance

  • Lagos has emerged as a major hub for the headquarters of national and global companies and the complex business and professional services that supports them
  • Lagos is not only becoming a "megacity" in terms of population but it is a global city with  substantial and growing foreign-born population
  • The airport serves internationally with non-stop flights to hundreds of destinations around the world
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Opportunities in Lagos

  • Growing investment and creative industries
  • Good transport connections
  • Growing population provides a large market to sell products
  • Lots of schools and universities
  • Gives 30% of Nigerian GDP from 10% population
  • Informal work economy provides 90% of new jobs and 40% of workforce work in it
  • Massive foreign investment is taking place to ensure energy generation can improve
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Challenges in Lagos

  • Rapid urban growth creates squatter settlements
  • High fertility rates
  • Less than 10% of Makoko residents are educated at primary school
  • Malnourishment rates are high
  • Poorly constructed homes often on illegal land
  • Limited access to sanitation
  • The lack of sewage facilities and sanitation means lagoon is full of sewage which can cause cholera
  • Waste disposal is very difficult
  • High population density
  • HIgh crime rate
  • Signifiacant traffic congestion
  • Lack of taxes to invest in education
  • Rising sea levels
  • 40% have no access to electricity
  • 80% rely  on diesel generators for power
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