Urban growth Lagos

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  • Urban Growth Case Study (Lagos)
    • Opportunities
      • Economic
        • Nollywood is the second largest and thriving industry
        • Rapid growth has made lots of construction jobs (Eko Atlantic commercial centre)
        • Home to many banks, government departments and industries. Access to the port allows fishing
      • Social
        • 68% have secondary education (40% in rural don’t attend primary
        • Access to health services (hospitals)
        • People have access to electricity, so can develop businesses
          • Multiplier effect to improve quality of life
        • Water treatment plants provide safe water piped to the cities
    • Importance of Lagos
      • Nigeria is the richest country in Africa
      • City population of 21 million
      • Financial centre of West Africa
      • Hollywood is the second biggest film industry
      • Used to be the capital up until 1991
    • Challenges
      • Social
        • Communal toilets are shared by 15 people
          • 60% of waste isn’t properly collected, so streets are dirty, causing diseases such as cholera
        • Houses are very flimsy, on stilts in the lagoon
        • 60% of the city  lives in slums
        • Water wells can be up to 3km away from houses
        • Electricity comes from illegal connections, that often break
        • Very high crime rates
          • People feel unsafe
      • Environment
        • Only 40% of rubbish is officially collected, creating toxic waste dumps
        • Factory emissions are not controlled, leading to air pollution
        • Overcrowding leads to bad congestion. Many face a 2 hour commute known as the ‘go slow’
      • Economic
        • Fishing ports (niger delta)  are being contaminated by sewage, so some places have fishing bans
        • Traffic delays means that deliveries and transport is difficult
        • Not enough formal jobs, so people get informal jobs (scavenging in the Olusosun rubbish dump for items to sell
    • Location
      • City in Nigeria
      • City population of 21 million
        • One of the fastest growing areas in the World
        • Population density of 20,000 people per square km
      • Access to the Niger Delta

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