Key Words for Geography SDME 2013

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BROWNFIELD SITE

Disued or derelict land. Land that has been previously been built on.

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CONGESTION

Usually concerned with transport when there is so much traffic it stops or slow down the movement

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COUNTER URBANISATION

Where people move away from urban areas (cities or towns) to rural areas (countryside)

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DISPERSED SETTLEMENT

These are places where the individual builidings are well spread out

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ECO-TOWN

New towns to be built in the UK that meet the highest standards of sustainablity, sponsored by UK government

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GREEN BELTS

Green Belts were created 1947 as 'collars of land' around urban areas where development is severly restricted to preserve the character of the environment and to prevent towns and cities growing.

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GREENFIELD SITE

An area of land that has no been built on/developed, mostly rural areas.

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LINEAR SETTLEMENT

These are often called Ribbon developments because they have long narrow shape. They occur when building are strung out along a line of communication such as a road, river on a canal.

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NIMBY

An acronym for the phrase not in my back yard. Someone who objects to siting something in their own neighbourhood but does not object to it being sited elsewhere.

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NIMBYISM

The term is used negatively to describe opposition by residents to a proposal for a new development close to them.

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NUCLEATED SETTLEMENTS

These are places where buildings are clustered around a central point

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RE-URBANISATION

The process whereby towns and cities in MEDCs which have been experiencing a loss of population are able to reverse the decline and being to grow again. Some form of redevelopment is often required to start re-urbanisation.

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RURAL

The Countryside

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RURALITY

A rural characteristic

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RURAL- URBAN FRINGE

The area at the edge of the city. A zone of transition between the built-up area and the countryside, where there is often competition for land use. It is a zone of mixed land uses, from shopping malls and golfcourse to farmland and motorways.

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SETTLEMENT

A place where people live. There are 3 types which are Nucleated settlements, Disperesed and Linear.

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SMART METERS

A smart meter is usually an electrical meter, in homes, that record the comsumption of elecrical energy. It can be used to identify areas of high use and therefore be used to reduce energy comsumption.

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SUBURBANISATION

The process by which people, factories, offices and shops move out from the central areas of cities and into the suburbs.

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SUBURBANISED VILLAGES

Villages growing in size and taking more urban characteristics

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SUSTAINABLE

Capable of being contiuned with minimal long-term effect on the environment

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SUSTAINABILITY

Provide the ability of future generations to sustain themselves

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URBAN

Characteristic of the city/city life

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URBANISATION

Urbanisation is the increase in the proportion of people living in towns and citie

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URBAN SPRAWL

The uncontrolled expanision of urban areas

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ZERO CARBON

Activities with zero net carbon emissions

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CONURBATION

If cities are allowed to grow outwards without restriction they may merge into adjoining towns and cities forming a conurbation.

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