What is Socialitation?
Socialitation is the process by which an individual learns the norms and values oof society. There is a debate about whether most aspects of human behaviours are learned through socialitation or whether they are innate or bilogical. This is known as the nature/nuture debate. Primary socialitation takes place in the family and , as well as teaching very basic norms and values, the family will also socialise a child into its gender, ethnicity and social class. Agents of secondary socialisation include, the media, the peer group, religion and the workplace. They each perfomr a crucial role in continuing the process of socialisation. They also help to control our behaviours, imposing positive sanctions to reward conformity and negative sanctions to punish deviance. In this way individuals are taught to become part of society.