INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES - DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALITY

INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES - DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALITY

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  • Created by: Isabelle
  • Created on: 02-06-11 13:33

INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES - DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALIT

WHAT ARE THE THREE DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALITY?

WHAT DOES THE DSN DEFIITION ENTAIL?

WHAT IS GOOD ABOUT THIS DEFINITION?

WHAT ARE THE LIMITATIONS OF THIS DEFNINITION?

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INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES - DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALIT

Deviation form social norm (DSN) / Failure to function adequately (FFA) / Deviation form ideal mental health (DIMH)

Deviations form social norms are inidications of abnormality

works for patients with schizpohrena and OCD

  • Behaviour that deviates form socail norm isn't always a sign of psychopathology - could be eccentricity - have to take context into account
  • Social norms very over time - attitudes towards homosexuality has changed - DSN is era dependant
  • Cultural relativity - social norms are specific to culture or society
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INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES - DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALIT

WHAT DOES THE FFA DEFINITION ENTAILS?

WHAT ARE SOME CHARCTERISTICS OF ABORMAL BEHAVIOUR RELATED TO FFA?

WHAT IS GOOD ABOUT THIS DEFINITION?

WHAT ARE THE LIMITATION?

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INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES - DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALIT

When someone deviates from ormal pattern of behaviour

Observer discomfort / Unpredictability / Irrationality / Maladaptivness (refers to behaviour that interferes with persons daily routine)

Severe depression can affect a person daily life

  • Behaviour that looks like FFA may represent normal behaviour - depends on context e.g. political prisoners on hunger strike
  • FFA may not be linked to psychological disorder - economic conditions or prejudice may prevent people finding jobs
  • Psychological disorders may not prevet someone functioning adequately
  • Standard patterns of behaviour will differ from culture to culture
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INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES - DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALIT

WHAT DOES DIMH ENTAIL?

WHAT CHARACTERISTICS ARE FELT TO INDICATE IDEAL MENTAL HEALTH?

WHATS GOOD ABOUT THIS DEFINITION?

WHAT ARE THE LIMITATIONS?

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INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES - DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALIT

Attempts to define a state of ideal mental health, deviations form these ideal would be defined as abnormality

Individual should be in touch with own identity and feelings / resistant to stress / focused on future and self-actualisation / function as autonomous individuals / shown empathy and understanding towards others

positive approach to defining abnormality

  • Characteristics of ideal mental health symbolise western societies - i collectivist cultures autonomy wouldn't be recognised
  • Very few people match the criteria - majority of population would be classified as abnormal
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