Germany and the Lutheran Reformation
1510 - Luther visits Rome - First findings of corruption in high ecclesiastical places.
1514 - John Tetzel Begins Sales of Indulgences (Launched in order to pay for building the new St Peter's Basilica in Rome.
1517 - The 95 Theses - Luther enraged, attacks sale of indulgences.
1518 - Meeting at Augsburg (Cajetan) - Luther meets Pope Leo X's representative Cardinal Cajetan.
1519 - Leipzig Debate - Luther debates his views with John Eck.
1520 - Luther excommunicated, Luther writes 24 books setting out views.
1521 - Diet of Worms - Didn't give up his views on great evils of the papacy.
1522 - Translates and publishes New Testament in German.
Germany and the Lutheran Reformation (Cont.)
1524-5 - The Peasants' War - Series of outbreaks of violence.
1530 - Diet of Augsburg - Relative compromise reached, helped restore unity.
1531 - Schmalkaldic League formed - John of Saxony & Phillip of Hesse.
1541 - Colloquy of Regensburg (Compromise FAIL), Bigamy of Philip Hesse.
1546 - Death of Luther.
1555 - Peace of Augsburg
1560 - Death of Philip Melancthon
The Swiss Reformers and Calvinism
1523 - Zwingli's reformation in Zurich.
1528 - Reformation in Berne and Basel.
1536 - First edition of the Institutes of the Christian Religion.
1536-8 - Calvin's first ministry in Geneva.
1541 - Calvin returns to Geneva; the Ecclesiastical Ordinances.
1555 - Defeat of the Libertines; Servetus burned at the stake; Growth of Calvinism in France.
1559 - Genevan Academy set up.
1560-2 - John Knox establishes Calvinism in Scotland.
1564 - Death of Calvin.
The Radical Reformation
1522 - Luther denounces Carlstadt and the Zwickau prophets.
1524-5 - Thomas Munzer linked to Peasants' Revolt.
1534-5 - The 'Kingdom of Munster' - Matthys and Bockelson.
1541-50 - Anabaptist persecutions.
The Catholic Church and the Catholic Reform
1503 - Erasmus's Handbook of a Christian Soldier written.
1509 - Erasmus's Praise of Folly written.
1512 - Fifth Lateran Council begins.
1517 - Lateran Council closes; Oratory of Divine Love founded in Rome.
1522 - Ignatius of Loyola begins the Spiritual Exercises
Between 1524-1540 many orders were founded Theatines(1524), Capuchins(1528), Somaschi (1532), Barnabites(1533), Ursulines(1535) and the Jesuit Order(1540)
1527 - Sack of Rome
1534 - Paul III becomes pope; Ignatius founds Company of Jesus
1536 - Death of Erasmus
The Catholic Church and the Catholic Reform (Cont.
1542 - Roman Inquisition
1545-7 - Council of Trent (First Session)
1549 - Death of Paul III; Jesuits in Brazil; Xavier in Japan;
1551-2 - Council of Trent (Second Session)
1556 - Death of Ignatius
1562-3 - Council of Trent (Third Sesion)
1566 - Roman Catechism
Other Key Political Events:
1519 - Charles V becomes Emperor 1530 - Diet of Augbsurg
1544 - Peace of Crepy