- Homer introduces theme in the prepostition of 'anger' and asks his muse to say. 'Anger' causes many deaths and is destructive.
- Lines 0-63- Agamemnon refuses to return Chryseis and so Apollo sends a plague down on the Greeks.
- Lines 64-120- Calchas says Agamemnon is the reason for the plague.
- Lines 121-344- Quarrel between Achilles and Agamemnon.
- Lines 345-427- Achilles appears to Thetis to appeal to Zeus.
- Lines 428-500- Chyrseis is returned and the plague is ceased.
- Lines 501-612- Quarrel with the Gods and then peace is restored
- First line of Iliad is anger- clearly shows what the epic is going to be about.
-Anger of Achilles towards Agamemnon and to Hector.
'All the other Greeks shouted in agreemement'
-Army agree with Chryses more than with Agamemnon= shows what a poor leader he is.
'She will grow old in Argos'
-Characterises Agamemnon badly- no regard for women or Chryseis.
-Commonly used epithet for Hera= demonstrates her superiority
-Showing the extent of Achilles' fury in the first book
- Agamemnon is primarily negatively characterised with no regard for divine intervention, he assumes that the Gods are helpless - 'you may find the god's staff and emblems a very poor defence'
- Greek troops pay no regard for Agamemnon and are in agreement with Chryses instead of Agamemnon- 'then all the other Greeks shouted in agreement'
- First demonstration of the power of the Gods- 'came down in fury from the heights of Olympus'
- Agamemnon absuses his position because depriving Achilles of his legitimate prize of war, he is undermining the honour code on which relations between heroes are based.
- Demonstration of the ignorance of Agamemnon, doesn't realise that he is the reason for Apollo to send down the plague- ' Apollo is persecuting them because I refused'
- Theme of men and women first shown, not highly regarded- 'I like her better than my wife Clytaemnestra'
- Agamemnon shows that he is willing to sacrifice something of his in order for the benefit of his army although it isn't willingly- 'I am willing to give her up'
- It is the reason why Achilles sulks and refuses to fight, he is shamed by Agamemnon.
- There is a struggle for power between the two men= Agamemnon is 'lord of the men' however Achilles has more authority and battle prowess.
- Theme of divine intervention demonstrated- first see the fickleness of the Gods.
- First see extent of Achilles 'fuera'- 'You shameless, self-centred...'
- Demonstrates contrast between Achilles and Agamemenon.
- First time Achilles appears vulnerable,crying to Thetis however perhaps in the greek context, it wasn't as pathetic as viewed by a modern western audience- 'So he spoke in tears'
- Again demonstrates fickleness of the Gods- the battle is just a game to them.
- Women are described as an aspect of their appearance- objecets and prizes- 'fair-cheeked Briseis'
- First demonstration of the rituals the Greeks perform in order to appease the Gods.
- First personification of dawn- 'early-born, rosy-fingered Dawn appeared'
- First evidence where gods are depicted no better than mortals- ' with you two squabbling'
- Insight into Greek society- why the greeks regarded celebration.