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Themes in the Iliad
Gods:

- Ego driven, much like the heroes, except Achilles (in the end)
- Take sides in human conflict (Apollo = Trojan) (Athene = Greek)
- Vindictive E.G. Zeus and Hera destroying city or Pandarus restarting battle
- Incite ware: Background to the Iliad was that…

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- Homer understands that war is a waste of potential and shows this through such examples as
Simoisius where he is killed before he can repay his parents in book 4. When Homer uses these
scenes he usually relates it nature symbolise purity and innocence e.g. cut down in the…

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