ICT OCR GCSE Revision-ICT in Today's World


Computer Misuse Act (1990)

  • Developed to cope with the problems of computer hackers and viruses
  • Offence and Penalty

    1) Unauthorised access to computer material

    Up to six months in prison and /or a hefty fine

    2) Unauthorised access with intent to commit or facilitate a crime

    Up to a five year prison sentence and /or a hefty fine

    3) Unauthorised access and modification of computer material

    Up to a five year prison sentence and /or a hefty fine

    3A) Making, supplying or obtaining material to be used in computer misuse offences

    Up to a five year prison sentence and /or an unlimited fine

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Copyright, Design and Patents Act (1988)

  • Introduced in 1988 to protect the investment of time, money and effort of the people who create original pieces of work
  • This can mean authors of books, composers of music, the makers of a film, a computer game designer or a company that creates computer/mobile applications.

In ICT the law has particular relevance to:

  • Copying software
  • Copying or downloading music
  • Copying images or photographs from the web
  • Copying text from webpages and using it in your work or posting it onto a website and pretending it is your own work

Breaking this law can result in a penalty of up to 10 years in prison and/or a fine depending on the damage caused

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Data Protection Act (1998)

  • Developed to give protection and lay down the rules about how personal data can be used by organisations.

  • Created to protect individuals from misuse of this data

  • The DPA is made up of eight principles:

    1. Data must be kept secure
    2. Data stored must be relevant
    3. Data stored must be kept no longer than necessary
    4. Data stored must be kept accurate and up-to-date
    5. Data must be obtained and processed lawfully
    6. Data must be processed within the data subject rights
    7. Data must be obtained and specified for lawful purposes
    8. Data must not be transferred to countries outside of the EU without adequate D.P laws
    • Data Subject-People about whom data is stored
    • Data User-Someone who uses the stored data
    • Data Controller-Leader of making sure the organisation abides by the DPA
    • Information Commissioner-Government appointed, ensures that DPA is enforced in UK
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