- 1923: prefects responsible for censorship.
- 1926: opposition papers supressed. Grants given to favourite papers and journalists.
- Crime, disasters, unemployment and disorders forbidden from being reported.
- Facsist party papers unpopular: more concerned with content of papers.
- More people read newpapers.
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- 1924: radio rapidly expanded, state controlled content.
- 2hrs of broadcast per day.
- Major speeches broadcast live.
- Radio owners increased.
- Broadcasts increased in 1930s: accessed the illiterate.
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- Newsreel shown before film.
- Only few films openly Fascist: few explicitly propaganda films, as people uninterested.
- False sense of security/ national pride.
- All imported films censored.
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- Paintings to show national pride.
- Architecture changed from Renaissance to Ancient Rome.
- Art sold to other countries to increase national prestige.
Literature and Drama.
- National Fascist Culture Institute established 1926: spread culture.
- No great Fascist Literature written: less attention paid.
- People only took part to further their own careers.
Philosophy and intellectual ideas.
- Manifesto outlining what Fascism was and what it did for the people.
- 1929-1938: Encyclopedia Italiana: showed culture etcetera.
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Propaganda: mass activities.
- Used to indoctrinate the public.
- Participants felt a sense of belonging.
- Imitated Stalin's ideas.
- Disciplined and more socialised.
- Commitment to Fascist regime.
- New stadiums built.
- Improved national teams: wanted them to win to give a sense of national pride.
- Encouraged people to take up a sport.
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