How did Mussolini attempt to transform the Italian character and Italian society: PROPAGANDA?


First bit of P.R.E.C.E.P.T.

HideShow resource information

Propaganda: Newspapers.

  • 1923: prefects responsible for censorship.
  • 1926: opposition papers supressed. Grants given to favourite papers and journalists.
  • Crime, disasters, unemployment and disorders forbidden from being reported.
  • Facsist party papers unpopular: more concerned with content of papers.
  • More people read newpapers.
1 of 6

Propaganda: Radio.

  • 1924: radio rapidly expanded, state controlled content.
  • 2hrs of broadcast per day.
  • Major speeches broadcast live.
  • Radio owners increased.
  • Broadcasts increased in 1930s: accessed the illiterate.
2 of 6

Propaganda: cinema.

  • Newsreel shown before film.
  • Only few films openly Fascist: few explicitly propaganda films, as people uninterested.
  • False sense of security/ national pride.
  • All imported films censored.
3 of 6

Propaganda: Culture.


  • Paintings to show national pride.
  • Architecture changed from Renaissance to Ancient Rome.
  • Art sold to other countries to increase national prestige.

Literature and Drama.

  • National Fascist Culture Institute established 1926: spread culture.
  • No great Fascist Literature written: less attention paid.
  • People only took part to further their own careers.

Philosophy and intellectual ideas.

  • Manifesto outlining what Fascism was and what it did for the people.
  • 1929-1938: Encyclopedia Italiana: showed culture etcetera.
4 of 6

5 of 6

Propaganda: mass activities.


  • Used to indoctrinate the public.
  • Participants felt a sense of belonging.
  • Imitated Stalin's ideas.


  • Disciplined and more socialised.
  • Commitment to Fascist regime.
  • New stadiums built.
  • Improved national teams: wanted them to win to give a sense of national pride.
  • Encouraged people to take up a sport.
6 of 6




cheers these really helped me with revision :D

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Italy - 19th and 20th century resources »