Haiti and Chile

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Haiti Fact File

  • When?

January 12th 2010

  • Where?

Focus:13km underground

Epicentre: 25km from Port-au-Prince (capital)

  • How big?

7.0 on the Richter Scale

  • Which plates?

Caribbean and N.American (destructive)

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Chile Fact File

  • When?

February 27th 2010

  • Where?

Focus:34km underground - just off the coast

Epicentre: 115km from Concepcion (second largest city in Chile)

  • How big?

8.8 on the Richter Scale

  • Which plates?

Nazca and S.American (destructive)

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Haiti - Primary Effects

  • 220,000 people killed
  • 300,000 people injured
  • main port was badly damaged
  • roads, cars and buildings damaged
  • 8 hospitals and health centres were damaged or collapsed in Port-au-Prince
  • many government building doestroyed
  • 100,000 houses destroyed
  • 200,000 houses damaged
  • 1.3million Hatians were displaced
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Chile - Primary Effects

  • 500 people killed
  • 12,000 injured
  • 500,000 homes were damaged
  • several bridges and roads were destroyed
  • much of the hospital in Talca was destroyed
  • Santiago's airport was slightly damaged
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Haiti - Secondary Effects

  • 2 million Haitians wre left without food or water
  • Government efforts to control Haiti and the police force collapsed due to damaged government buildings
  • critical aid and longer-term reconstrucion were prevented as the main roads were damaged
  • people were living in tents and temporary shelters
  • outbreaks of disease - by November 2010 there were outbreaks of cholera
  • frequent power cuts
  • dead bodies in streets under rubble created a health hazard in the heat so many had to be buried in mass graves
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Chile - Secondary Effects

  • much of Chile lost power, water supplies and communications
  • several Pacific countries were hit by the tsumani set of by the earthquake
  • fire at a chemical plant on the outskirts of Santiago meant the area had to be evacuated
  • Chile's copper mines suffered little damage - (these are crucial to its economy)
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Haiti - Immediate Responses

  • crucial aid was slow to arrive - blocked roads, airport couldn't cope with number of planes delevering aid
  • American engineers and diving teams cleared the worst of the debris so waiting ships could unload aid
  • USA sent ships, helicopters, 10,000 troops, search and rescue teams and $100 million in aid
  • UN senttroops and police to set up a ''food aid cluster' to feed 2 million people
  • bottle water and purification tablets were given out
  • field hospitals were set up
  • government moves 235,000 people to less damages areas
  • wounded were flewn to nearby countries in helicopters
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Chile - Immediate Responses

  • quick response, rapid analysis of situation - within hours, they were asking for specific help from other countries
  • Route 5 was quickly temporarily mended so that aid could be delivered
  • ten days later, 90% of homes had their power and water restored
  • national telethon raised $60 million - enough to build small emergency shelters for those whos homes had been destroyed
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Haiti - Long-Term Responses

  • Haiti would be dependend on overseas help to recover
  • new homes would need to be built to a higher standard - costing billions of $
  • large-sclae investment would be needed to bring Haiti's roads, electricity, water and telephone systems up to standard and to rebuild the port
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Chile - Long-Term Responses

  • 1 month later - Chile's government launched a housing reconstruction plan to help about 196,000 households affected
  • Chile's strong economy meant that it could recover without relying on foreign aid
  • the country's huge copper reserves earn plenty of income to rebuild
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Haiti - Preparation and Protection

  • Haiti wasn't prepared
  • weak government and little money
  • Port-au-Prince was home to over 2.5million people - overcrowded and poorly built homes
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Chile - Preparation and Protection

  • well prepared
  • buildings were built to withstand earthquakes - reinforced concrete columns strengthened by a steel frame
  • 2002 - government introduced a plan in th event of a disaster
  • regular anti-disaster drills
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