Local Government - January 1934
- The next step was to strenngthen the central government in Berlin that Hitler controlled, and weaken local governments.
- Under the Weimar constitution, all regions (Länder) of Germany had their own parliament, which ran the local government in the region.
- Hitler had control of the Reichstag by 1934, but he couldn't control all 18 Länder parliaments.
- Therefore, they were banned in January 1934.
1 of 4
The Enabling Act - March 1933
- This law gave Hitler the right to pass laws without Reichstag consent for four years.
- It was forced through the Reichstag- it was legally passed, but Reichstag member were intimidated by the SA- blocked from exits and threatened.
- He renewed the law in 1937.
- It marked the end of democratic rule and of theWeimar Republic, changing the constitution.
- There were nearly 300 Nazi deputies, around 50 Nationlists, no Communists and few Social Democrats- some in hospital due to electoral violence, and some fled to other countries.
2 of 4
Trade Unions abolished - May 1933
- Trade unions were potential sources if opposition.
- Hitler believed that if Communists amongst workers could control their trade unions, then they could organise strikes to undermine the government,
- May 1933, Hitler used new powers to ban trade unions and make stirkes illegal.
3 of 4
Opposition parties banned - July 1933
- Following the trade union ban, all political parties in Germany was made illegal apart from the NSDAP (Nazi) Party.
- "Article I: NSDAP constitutes the only political party in Germany."
- "Article II: Whoever undertakes to maintain organisation of another party or form a new one shall be punished with penal servitude up to 3 years or prison between 6 months and 3 years."
4 of 4