Germany and the Depression

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  • Germany and The Depression
    • Impact of the Depression on Germany
      • USA stopped buying German goods which meant that factories were shut down and jobs were lost
      • American banks asked fro all money they had lent to Germany after the war
      • Many Germans became homeless and blamed the government
      • Many turned to extreme parties as lost faith in the government
    • Factors Leading to the growth of the Nazi Party
      • The Depression
        • Germans could no longer trust the government after becoming jobless and homeless
          • They were desperate so turned to extremist parties like the Nazi's
            • People blamed the Weimar for borrowing too much money from USA
      • Unhappiness with the Weimar
        • The Weimer Republic didn't know what to do and Bruning began using Article 48 often
          • For many the democratic system wasn't working so were drawn to extremists
      • Appeal of Hitler
        • Hitler had a charismatic personality and could make people believe him
          • He was very good at giving powerful and inspiring speeches
            • Hitler's persuasive speeches drew more to the part and he promised what people wanted
      • Fear of Communism
        • In Russia in 1917 there was a communist revolution which scared Germans as there had been similar attempts
          • Hitler said he would fight communism
            • The Nazi Party appealed to the middle and upper class and religious people
      • Nazi Party structure and tactis
        • After failing by using ideas of revolution in the Munich Putsch Hitler decided to gain power legally
        • They used newspapers, posters radio broadcasts and leaflets as propaganda to influence Germans
          • Nazi officers were set up all over Germany to recruit more followers. By 1932 the SA had quad rupled since 1931
            • Hitler took part in many parades to show the Nazi's power
              • The Hitler Youth was set up to get more young followers
    • Who voted for the Nazi's?
      • Women
        • Hitler said that womens role would be better in the future
          • The Nazi's said that family morals had been lost and they were going to sort it out
      • Upperclass
        • They were scared that communists would take their land and money
          • They wanted one leader
            • Hitler promised they would get a say n the running of the country
      • Soldiers
        • Didn't like the democracy or the 'November criminals,
          • Hitler promised to overturn the TofV
      • Farmers
        • Higher prices for crops were promised
      • Middle Class
        • Scared of communists as thought they could destroy their businessess
          • Thought that their wages would rise
    • Hitler's appointment as Chancellor
      • 1930 Election
        • Coalition was formed and Bruning became chancellor Nazi's were the 2nd largest party
          • After this election Nazi's worked hard to get even more followers by giving speeches and making posters and speeches
            • Nazi Storm troopers where beating up communists
            • In 1932 there were also many bomb plots, murders and fights which showed that the Weimar was loosing its support
            • Hindenburg kept using emergency decrees to make decisions
      • July1932 Election
        • Bruning resigned as Chancellor and was replaced by Von Papen. Nazi's were the largest group with 230 seats
          • Hitler had demanded to be made chancellor but Hindenburg thought that they Nazi's were violent and disruptive
      • November 1932 Election
        • Von Papen held another election. The central party lost votes so he resigned. Hindenburg made Von Scheilcher chancellor who resigned after 6 months
      • January 1933
        • Hindenburg had no choice but to make Hitler chancellor
          • Hitler became the Chancellor of Germany on the 30th of January 1932
      • How was Hitler's power still limited?
        • Hindenburg could easily replace him
        • He couldn't make laws if the Reichstag didn't agree  as he didn't have 50% of the seats
        • Hindenburg could use article 48
        • He only has 2 cabinet posts belonging to the Nazi's
    • How Hitler became a Dictator
      • After the Reichstag was burned, Hitler asked if an emergeny 'protection law' coukbe made
        • In March 1933 the decree passed meant that communists couldn't take  part in elections.
      • May 1933- Hitler banned all trade unions so that workers couldn't complain about conditions and pay
      • July 1933- Hitler banned all parties except the Nazi's
      • The law about formation of new parties was introduced
      • In the Night of The Long Knives, Hitler murderd his opponents in the SA and brought them under his control
      • In August 1934 Hindenburg died and Hitler immediately became President and chancellor

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