Hitler's Rise to Power 1919-33

  • Created by: Gaynor
  • Created on: 18-03-18 17:50
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  • Hitler's Rise to    Power     1919-33
    • Early Development of the Nazi Party 1920-22
      • Hitler joined the DAP in September 1919
      • Between 1919 and 1923, Hitler took control of the DAP
      • Hitler took over by controlling the party policy, using his personal appeal, controlling party organisation, winning the leadership and using the SA
      • Hitler changed the DAP into the NSDAP with distinctive features, such as the swastika, the straight-armed salute and the SA
    • Munich Putsch and Lean Years 1923-29
      • Hitler launched the Munich Putsch in November 1923, in an attempt to take control of Germany
      • The Munich Putsch failed, but in some ways Hitler and the Nazis benefitted
      • Hitler relaunched the Nazi Party in 1925, having set out his ideas in Mein Kampf
      • Hitler reformed the central and national organisation of the Nazi Party
      • Hitler strengthened his control over the party and over the SA
      • By 1928, the Nazis had little influence in the Reichstag
    • Growth in Nazi Support  1929-32
      • By the start of 1929, the Nazi party had little political power in Germany
      • However, by 1932, they had 230 seats in the German Reichstag
      • A key factor was the economic crisis caused by the Wall Street Crash
      • The economic crisis included a bank collapse, a fall in industrial output, rising unemployment and falling wages
      • The Weimer government failed to solve these problems
      • As a result, support grew for extremist parties like the Communist Party and the Nazi Party
      • Support for the Nazis came from several different sections of German society
    • How Hitler became Chancellor 1923-33
      • By the start of 1932, Hitler still had little political power
      • In January 1933, he was appointed Chancellor of the Weimer Republic
      • Von Schleicher and Von Papen thought they could include Hitler and the Nazis in their governments and then control them
      • There was a general fear that civil war might break out if Germany could not find a strong government with widespread popular support
      • President Hindenburg resisted the idea of Hitler as Chancellor, but eventually agreed


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