A population with a rising average age.
Policies to encourage people to have fewer children, for example, by providing free state education for only the first child of the family
The number of babies born alive for every 1000 people in a year.
The number of people who die for every 1000 people in a year.
The use of resources to improve the standard of living of a nation.
People who move to find employment.
A person leaving a country or region to live somewhere else.
The average number of children born to a woman in her lifetime.
Gross National Income (GNI)
The average amount of money earned by a country in one year,
divided by all the people who live there.
A person arriving in a country or region to live.
Infant Mortality Rate
The number of deaths of children (under the age of one) per 1000 live births a year.
The average number of years a person might be expected to live.
The process of people changing their place of residence, either within or
The number of people added too, or lost, from the population for every
1000 people in one year.
Where births and deaths are almost equal.
Where the number of live births is less than the number of deaths.
Where the number of live births is more than the number of deaths.
Measures taken by a government to influence population size, growth,
distribution or composition.
A diagram to show the age and sex structure of a population.
The composition of a population, usually in terms of its age and gender.
Includes incentives such as money to encourage people to have more children.
The average number of children required to be born to a woman to
ensure that the population remains stable.
The point at which the momentum of change becomes unstoppable.
A population in which there is a high percentage of people under the age of 16.