Geography Key Terms - Population Dynamics

Glossary of Key Terms

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Ageing Population

A population with a rising average age.

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Anti-Natalist Policies

Policies to encourage people to have fewer children, for example, by providing free state education for only the first child of the family

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Birth Rate

The number of babies born alive for every 1000 people in a year.

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Death Rate

The number of people who die for every 1000 people in a year.

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The use of resources to improve the standard of living of a nation.

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Economic Migrants

People who move to find employment.

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A person leaving a country or region to live somewhere else.

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Fertility Rate

The average number of children born to a woman in her lifetime.

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Gross National Income (GNI)

The average amount of money earned by a country in one year,
divided by all the people who live there.

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A person arriving in a country or region to live.

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Infant Mortality Rate

The number of deaths of children (under the age of one) per 1000 live births a year.

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Life Expectancy

The average number of years a person might be expected to live.

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The process of people changing their place of residence, either within or
between countries.

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Natural Increase

The number of people added too, or lost, from the population for every
1000 people in one year.

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Population Balance

Where births and deaths are almost equal.

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Population Decline

Where the number of live births is less than the number of deaths.

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Population Increase

Where the number of live births is more than the number of deaths.

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Population Policies

Measures taken by a government to influence population size, growth,
distribution or composition.

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Population Pyramid

A diagram to show the age and sex structure of a population.

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Population Structure

The composition of a population, usually in terms of its age and gender.

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Pro-Natalist Policies

Includes incentives such as money to encourage people to have more children.

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Replacement Level

The average number of children required to be born to a woman to
ensure that the population remains stable.

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Tipping Point

The point at which the momentum of change becomes unstoppable.

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Youthful Population

A population in which there is a high percentage of people under the age of 16.

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