Geography Key Terms - Population Dynamics

Glossary of Key Terms

HideShow resource information

Ageing Population

A population with a rising average age.

1 of 24

Anti-Natalist Policies

Policies to encourage people to have fewer children, for example, by providing free state education for only the first child of the family

2 of 24

Birth Rate

The number of babies born alive for every 1000 people in a year.

3 of 24

Death Rate

The number of people who die for every 1000 people in a year.

4 of 24

Development

The use of resources to improve the standard of living of a nation.

5 of 24

Economic Migrants

People who move to find employment.

6 of 24

Emigrants

A person leaving a country or region to live somewhere else.

7 of 24

Fertility Rate

The average number of children born to a woman in her lifetime.

8 of 24

Gross National Income (GNI)

The average amount of money earned by a country in one year,
divided by all the people who live there.

9 of 24

Immigrants

A person arriving in a country or region to live.

10 of 24

Infant Mortality Rate

The number of deaths of children (under the age of one) per 1000 live births a year.

11 of 24

Life Expectancy

The average number of years a person might be expected to live.

12 of 24

Migration

The process of people changing their place of residence, either within or
between countries.

13 of 24

Natural Increase

The number of people added too, or lost, from the population for every
1000 people in one year.

14 of 24

Population Balance

Where births and deaths are almost equal.

15 of 24

Population Decline

Where the number of live births is less than the number of deaths.

16 of 24

Population Increase

Where the number of live births is more than the number of deaths.

17 of 24

Population Policies

Measures taken by a government to influence population size, growth,
distribution or composition.

18 of 24

Population Pyramid

A diagram to show the age and sex structure of a population.

19 of 24

Population Structure

The composition of a population, usually in terms of its age and gender.

20 of 24

Pro-Natalist Policies

Includes incentives such as money to encourage people to have more children.

21 of 24

Replacement Level

The average number of children required to be born to a woman to
ensure that the population remains stable.

22 of 24

Tipping Point

The point at which the momentum of change becomes unstoppable.

23 of 24

Youthful Population

A population in which there is a high percentage of people under the age of 16.

24 of 24

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Population change resources »